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Location Haiti
Central coordinates 72o 39.14' West  20o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 712 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Site description Coquillage - Point Est is a coastal system that includes limestone cliffs, inaccessible coastal limestone, beach of white sand, coral reefs and mangroves. Located on the southeastern part of the island of la Tortue (180 km2). Limited north by the slopes of of Morne Ti Clos (154m), south by the Canal of La Tortue, west by Grand Sable and east by Pointe Est, where meet both the Atlantic Ocean and the Canal de la Tortue. The locality of Coquillage is densely populated and counts a guesthouse. This coastal system is exploited by fishermen, boat builders (an interesting industry there) and farmers. In many cases, one person (men usually) can play the three roles, fish, build or own boats and farm. Many houses are well built and different from the traditional thatch roof houses, due to Tortugans immigration in Turks and Caicos and in the Bahamas. Riding by boat from the main port to other locality is easier than on land or on foot and there is regular boat traffic from Port Vincent to Basse Terre and Coquillage. Population estimates are uncertain (probably 4,000 inhabitants), but people of the area live of fisheries (marine), agriculture, wood cutting and lumber, charcoal making, boat rides and boat building, careening renting and ecotourism.

Key Biodiversity Its avifauna includes more than 40 species with 3 unique forms: Flat-billed Vireo (Vireo crassirostris tortugae), (Coereba bananivora nectarea), (Loxigilla violacea maurella) not found on the main land. It is an important area for migratory species including transiting species and Tropicbirds.

Non-bird biodiversity: Endemic subspecies do Île de la Tortue Thick-billed Vireo (Vireo crassirostris tortugae); Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola nectarea); Greater Antillean Bullfinch (Loxigilla violacea maurella). Marine migratory species need to be inventoried; this includes species of the wetlands/mangrove.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Plain Pigeon Patagioenas inornata resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Hispaniolan Lizard-cuckoo Coccyzus longirostris resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Anthracothorax dominicus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  major
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  major
Forest Mangrove  2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -
forestry -
Notes: Wood cutting and lumber

Protection status Protected area is only proposed.

Acknowledgements Florence Sergile, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Coquillage - Pointe Est. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife