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Location Guatemala, Chimaltenango,Escuintla,Guatemala,Sacatepéquez
Central coordinates 90o 46.96' West  14o 28.48' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 137,862 ha
Altitude 500 - 3,900m
Year of IBA assessment 2007





Summary IBA Antigua Guatemala is an important site for range-restricted birds of the North Central American Highlands and Madrean Highlands. The area supports three globally threatened species: Highland and Horned Guan, and Pink-headed Warbler. Coffee, sugar cane and ornamental flower plantations, corn fields, and secondary growth scrub cover 66% of the IBA. About 30% of the IBA are legally protected.

Site description IBA Antigua Guatemala is located in the Guatemalan volcanic belt, bordered in the west by the IBA Atitlan. The site ranges in altitude from 500 to 3900 m and includes the major volcanoes Agua, Fuego (active), and Acatenango, in the surroundings of the colonial town Antigua Guatemala, as well as the active volcano Pacaya to the southeast.

Key Biodiversity IBA Antigua Guatemala is important for range-restricted species of the North Central American Highlands (15 species recorded) and for biome-restricted species of the Madrean Highlands (36 species). The site supports populations of three globally threatened species: Highland and Horned Guan (Penelopina nigra and Oreophasis derbianus), and Pink-headed Warbler (Ergaticus versicolor), according to recent bird records (Tenez 2005, Pérez 2006, González-García et al. 2006, Rivas Romero 2006, Eisermann & Avendaño 2007).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Horned Guan Oreophasis derbianus resident  2000  < 50 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Highland Guan Penelopina nigra resident  2002  50-249 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Great Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila sanctihieronymi resident  1932  < 50 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Sabrewing Campylopterus rufus resident  2004  250-999 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Emerald-chinned Hummingbird Abeillia abeillei resident  2004  50-249 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
White-eared Hummingbird Basilinna leucotis resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Amethyst-throated Hummingbird Lampornis amethystinus resident  2004  10,000-19,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis viridipallens resident  2004  10,000-19,999 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Garnet-throated Hummingbird Lamprolaima rhami resident  2004  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Slender Sheartail Doricha enicura resident  2004  < 50 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Trogon Trogon mexicanus resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-throated Motmot Aspatha gularis resident  2004  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax resident  2004  250-999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-breasted Flycatcher Empidonax fulvifrons resident  2004  < 50 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-sided Shrike-vireo Vireolanius melitophrys resident  2004  50-249 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Bushy-crested Jay Cyanocorax melanocyaneus resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey Silky-flycatcher Ptilogonys cinereus resident  2004  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Swallow Notiochelidon pileata resident  2004  250-999 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-browed Wren Troglodytes rufociliatus resident  2004  10,000-19,999 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Blue-and-white Mockingbird Melanotis hypoleucus resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Brown-backed Solitaire Myadestes occidentalis resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Black Thrush Turdus infuscatus resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-collared Robin Turdus rufitorques resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Olive Warbler Peucedramus taeniatus resident  2004  250-999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Siskin Carduelis atriceps resident  2004  50-249 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Hooded Grosbeak Coccothraustes abeillei resident  2004  250-999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Crescent-chested Warbler Parula superciliosa resident  2004  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons winter  2004  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-headed Warbler Ergaticus versicolor resident  2004  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-browed Warbler Basileuterus belli resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Black-vented Oriole Icterus wagleri resident  2004  50-249 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-winged Oriole Icterus maculialatus resident  2004  50-249 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-eared Ground-sparrow Melozone leucotis resident  2004  250-999 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer Diglossa baritula resident  2004  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-crowned Chlorophonia Chlorophonia occipitalis resident  2004  250-999 individuals  poor  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Concepción Chuitó Private Nature Reserve 45 protected area contained by site 0  
Cordillera Alux Watershed protection reserve 5,372 protected area contained by site 0  
Finca La Travesia Private Nature Reserve 103 protected area contained by site 0  
Santa Catalina y Anexo Joya Carbonera Private Nature Reserve 57 protected area contained by site 0  
Volcán Acatenango Zona de Amortiguamiento 4,433 protected area contained by site 0  
Volcán Acatenango Zona de Veda Definitiva 7,100 protected area contained by site 0  
Volcán Agua Zona de Amortiguamiento 9,725 protected area contained by site 0  
Volcán Agua Zona de Veda Definitiva 12,600 protected area contained by site 0  
Volcán Fuego Zona de Veda Definitiva 12,150 protected area contained by site 0  
Volcán Pacaya National Park 2,000 protected area contained by site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Abandoned & fallow farmland, disturbed ground; Arable land; Forestry & agro-industrial plantations; Improved pasture land; Other urban & industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards & groves; Urban parks & gardens  63%
Forest Montane broadleaf evergreen; Pine-oak; Second-growth & disturbed  23%
Shrubland Second-growth & disturbed scrub  11%
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes & pools; Rivers  1%
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation minor
nature conservation and research 30%
Notes: Includes protected areas (CONAP 2007).
not utilised minor
rangeland/pastureland 1%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
agriculture 65%
forestry minor
hunting major
water management minor

Protection status About 30% of the IBA are legally protected, including a national park, a watershed preserve, protected zones of all volcano cones (zona de veda definitiva), and three private nature reserves (CONAP 2007).

Acknowledgements Consejo Nacional de Areas Protegidas (CONAP) - Solola supported a workshop to identify IBAs in June 2006, hosted by University del Valle – Altiplano in Solola, and the Museum of Natural History Jorge Ibarra, hosted a workshop in Guatemala City in June 2006. Input of unpublished data and suggestions for the delimitation of the IBA were provided during these workshop by representatives of CONAP, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala - Altiplano, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, Fundación para el Ecodesarrollo y la Conservación (FUNDAECO) - Huehuetenango, Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación de Guatemala (MAGA) - Sololá, Cuerpo de Paz, Municipalty of Tecpán, Autoridad para el Manejo Sustentable de la Cuenca del Lago Atitlán y su Entorno (AMSCLAE), Centro de Acción Legal – Ambiental y Social de Guatemala (CALAS), and Los Tarrales Nature Reserve. This first assessment of IBAs in Guatemala was conducted by Sociedad Guatemalteca de Ornitología and BirdLife International in the Americas.

References 

CONAP. 2007. Lista de áreas protegidas inscritas en el SIGAP. Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (CONAP), Guatemala. (Database accessed in June 2007)

Eisermann, K. & C. Avendaño. 2007. Lista comentada de las aves de Guatemala - Annotated checklist of the birds of Guatemala. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

González-Garcia, F., Rivas Romero, R. A. & Cóbar Carranza, A. J. 2006. Horned Guan (Oreophasis derbianus). Pp. 36-41. In D. M. Brooks (ed.) Conserving Cracids: the most threatened family of birds in the Americas. Miscellaneous Publications of the Houston Museum of Natural Science 6.

MAGA. 2006. Mapa de cobertura vegetal y uso de la tierra a escala 1:50,000 de la República de Guatemala, Año 2003 (Incluye 5 cultivos perennes actualizados al año 2005). Memoria técnica y descripción de resultados. Ministerio de Agricultura Ganadería y Alimentación –MAGA– / Unidad de Planificación Geográfica y Gestión de Riesgo –UPGGR–, Guatemala Ciudad, Guatemala.

Pérez, E. S. 2006. Formulario de solicitud para el Establecimiento de una Reserva Natural Privada Finca Filadelfia, Aldea San Felipe, Antigua Guatemala, Sacatepéquez. Fundación Defensores de la Naturaleza, Guatemala. (Unpublished document)

Rivas Romero, J. A. 2006. Distribución actual y selección de sitios para el estudio y conservación del pavo de cacho (Oreophasis derbianus G. R. Gray 1844) en Guatemala (Fase III). The Nature Conservancy, Guatemala. (Unpublished report)

Tenez, D. 2005. Aves del Volcán de Acatenango y Fuego. Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas, Guatemala. (Unpublished report)

Wilson, R. 2005. Annotated Bird List : Antigua Guatemala – Panchoy Valley (Guacalate-Pensativo drainage). (Unpublished document)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Antigua Guatemala. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/11/2014

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