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Location Bahamas, Conception Island
Central coordinates 75o 6.83' West  23o 50.14' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B4i, B4ii
Area 2,905 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description Conception Island is approximately 3 miles by 1.5 miles,located 25 miles west-southwest of San Salvador. It is unhabited and its pristine reefs and beaches make it an attractive destination for yachts. Conception Island is a national park under the protection of the Bahamas National Trust. Booby Cay and South Rocks and the surrounding shallow water are not included in the protected area.

Key Biodiversity During spring and summer White-tailed Tropicbird, Audubon's Shearwaters, Bridled Terns, Sooty Terns and Brown Noddies nest on the island and its offshore rocks. Conception Island is believed to have the largest concentration of nesting Tropicbirds in the Bahamas, and Booby Cay which lies off the northeast corner has one of the largest nesting colonies of Sooty Terns and Brown Noddies. Landbirds such as Bahama Mockingbirds, Bahama Woodstar, BananaQuits, Black-faced Grassquits, White-crowned Pigeons, Common Ground Doves, Yellow Warblers and Ospreys can be found year round. In summer Gray Kingbirds and Antillean Nighthawks are common. Ducks, herons and shorebirds are common in the interior lagoon.

Non-bird biodiversity: Green Turtles and Hawksbill Turtles

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Puffinus lherminieri breeding  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  B4ii  Not Recognised 
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus breeding  2006  250-999 breeding pairs  poor  A4ii  Least Concern 
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus breeding  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus breeding  2005  250-999 individuals  poor  B4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   major
Sea   major
Shrubland   -
Forest Mangrove  -

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorada Springs, CO. 302pp.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Conception Island. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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