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Location Fiji, Kadavu
Central coordinates 178o 22.00' East  18o 59.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 7,800 ha
Altitude 100 - 634m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

NatureFiji- MareqetiViti (Affiliate)

Summary East Kadavu has the largest area of old-growth forest in Kadavu including extensive areas of lowland rainforest. It supports the largest populations of the four bird species endemic to Kadavu, and probably also nesting colonies of Collared Petrels.

Site description The terrain is rugged and includes the second and third highest peaks on Kadavu, Mt Niabutubutu at 634 m and Mt Biloniyaqona. 

Key Biodiversity A1 Globally threatened species * Friendly Ground-dove (VU) – uncommon * Kadavu Shining Parrot (VU) – common * [Black-faced Shrikebill (VU) – likely to occur in small numbers] * Whistling Dove (NT) – common * Kadavu Fantail (NT) – common A2 Restricted-range species 16 (out of 18 on Kadavu and 36 in Fiji), including all four endemic to Kadavu. On June 6 1925 Correia (1927-1929) recorded: “many old holes, no birds inside. - only birds found all gray backed; - people went 3 times a week to get [petrels] to eat ; - they start coming in March, and during March and April the people kill many hundreds and take eggs, but they stop killing in May in order to give the younger birds a chance to grow up. In June they start killing the young ones for eating, so this is the reason that very few are left in the holes; - collected about 20 in 2 days.” Harvesting was still reported in east Kadavu in the 1980s (Watling 1986) and 2004 (V. Masibalavu pers. comm.) and may continue today. It is noteworthy that by 2004 the numbers harvested were at least an order of magnitude lower than Correia (1927-1929) reports from 1925 (V. Masibalavu pers. comm.).

Non-bird biodiversity: East Kadavu has not been surveyed for other biodiversity. The lowland dry forests are likely to support species not occurring at Nabukelevu, the other IBA on Kadavu.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Collared Petrel Pterodroma brevipes breeding  2005  unknown  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Whistling Dove Chrysoena viridis resident  2005  common  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Shy Ground-dove Alopecoenas stairi resident  2005  uncommon  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Collared Lory Phigys solitarius resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Crimson Shining-parrot Prosopeia splendens resident  2005  common  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Kadavu Honeyeater Xanthotis provocator resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa resident  2005  uncommon  A2  Least Concern 
Kadavu Fantail Rhipidura personata resident  2005  common  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Black-throated Shrikebill Clytorhynchus nigrogularis resident  2005  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 high not assessed negligible
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lower montane rain forest (tropical); Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical); Lowland forest - mixed swamp  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
Notes: Traditional practice of harvesting Collared Petrels for food is reported to continue.

Protection status Unprotected

References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (2005) Fiji Programme IBA project field report No. 43 CORREIA (1925) Whitney South Sea expedition diary O: 1 (in American Museum of Natural History).Unpublished.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: East Kadavu. Downloaded from on 27/11/2014

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