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Location Fiji, Kadavu
Central coordinates 177o 59.00' East  19o 7.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A4ii
Area 2,900 ha
Altitude 0 - 805m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

NatureFiji- MareqetiViti (Affiliate)



Summary This site includes the highest mountain on Kadavu (Nabukelevu, Mt Washington, 805m asl) and the largest area of montane forest in west Kadavu.  All four bird species endemic to Kadavu are present, and it may still support nesting colonies of Collared Petrels and other seabirds. 

Site description Nabukelevu is a spectacular isolated mountain rising steeply from the sea in west Kadavu. Its name is said to mean ‘giant yam mound’, an accurate description of this steep-sided massif. It is an andesitic volcanic lava dome which last erupted in the Holocene. The mountain is usually shrouded in cloud and receives a high level of rainfall. 

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Polynesian Storm-petrel Nesofregetta fuliginosa breeding  1900  unknown  A1  Endangered 
Collared Petrel Pterodroma brevipes breeding  1925  250-999 breeding pairs  poor  A1, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Whistling Dove Chrysoena viridis resident  2005  frequent  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Collared Lory Phigys solitarius resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Crimson Shining-parrot Prosopeia splendens resident  2005  common  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Kadavu Honeyeater Xanthotis provocator resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa resident  2005  uncommon  A2  Least Concern 
Kadavu Fantail Rhipidura personata resident  2005  common  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis resident  2005  uncommon  A2  Least Concern 
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Nabukelevu Conservation Commiittee 2007

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major

Land ownership  Nabukelevu is under traditional ownership of local people. Daviqele, the chief village of the Nabukelevu Tikina, owns the south slope, Nabukilevuira owns the west side, and Lomati owns the north-eastern side and the summit, including the only trail to the top.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation minor

Protection status Unprotected. Site of National Significance.  

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (2004) Fiji Programme IBA project field report No. 29. Unpublished report. CORREIA (1924) Whitney South Sea expedition diary N: 180 (in American Museum of Natural History).Unpublished. CORREIA (1925) Whitney South Sea expedition diary O: 1 (in American Museum of Natural History).Unpublished. FINSCH, O. (1877) On a new species of petrel from the Feejee islands. Proceedings of the London Zoological Society 722. Jenkins, J. A. F. (1986) The seabirds of Fiji. Australasian Seabird Group Newsletter 25:1–70. WRIGHT, S. AND CABANIUK, S. (1996) Towards an Integrated Environmental Conservation and Tourism Development Plan for Kadavu Province. Suva: Native Lands Trust Board. Unpublished Report.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nabukelevu. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/09/2014

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