|Central coordinates||177o 59.00' East 19o 7.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4ii|
|Altitude||0 - 805m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2012|
Summary This site includes the highest mountain on Kadavu (Nabukelevu, 805m asl) and the largest area of montane forest in west Kadavu. All four bird species endemic to Kadavu are present, and it may still support nesting colonies of Collared Petrels and other seabirds.
Site description Nabukelevu is a spectacular isolated mountain rising steeply from the sea in west Kadavu. Its name is said to mean ‘giant yam mound’, an accurate description of this steep-sided massif. It is an andesitic volcanic lava dome which last erupted in the Holocene. The mountain is usually shrouded in cloud and receives a high level of rainfall.
Key Biodiversity Nabukelevu is the only known nesting site in Fiji for the Polynesian Storm-petrel (dates from 1876) and one of a handful of sites for the Collared Petrel (small numbers have been recorded overhead during Collared Petrel surveys, but there are no known active nesting burrows). It supports all the four species and eight subspecies endemic to Kadavu, including good numbers of Kadavu Honeyeaters and probably the largest population of the montane Island Thrush subspecies T. p. ruficeps. Current breeding colonies of seabirds on the headland west of Davigele and other rocky headlands are thought to be Wedge-tailed Shearwaters . Two other globally threatened species that occur on Kadavu, Friendly Ground-dove and Black-faced Shrikebill, are likely to be present in small numbers in old-growth forest at lower altitudes.
Non-bird biodiversity: Nabukelevu is believed to support several species of plants endemic to the mountain itself as the high montane plateau is unique within Kadavu. Its herpetofauna and other biodiversity are poorly known. The moth Speiredonia strigiformis was found on the peak in April 2011 as part of recent surveys for Collared Petrel. This is the first record for this spectacular species, endemic to Fiji and not recorded anywhere since the 1980s, on Kadavu.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Collared Petrel Pterodroma brevipes||breeding||2011||9-30 individuals||medium||A1, A4ii||Vulnerable|
|Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques||resident||2005||rare||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Whistling Dove Chrysoena viridis||resident||2005||frequent||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Collared Lory Phigys solitarius||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Crimson Shining-parrot Prosopeia splendens||resident||2005||common||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Kadavu Honeyeater Xanthotis provocator||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Kadavu Fantail Rhipidura personata||resident||2005||common||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis||resident||2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis||resident||2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Forest||0||0||moderate (70-90%)||moderate (70-90%)||unfavourable|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species||Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity||low|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Nabukelevu Conservation Commiittee||2007|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Land ownership Nabukelevu is under traditional ownership of local people. Daviqele, the chief village of the Nabukelevu Tikina, owns the south slope, Nabukilevuira owns the west side, and Lomati owns the north-eastern side and the summit, including the only trail to the top.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Unprotected. Site of National Significance.
References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (2004) Fiji Programme IBA project field report No. 29. Unpublished report. CORREIA (1924) Whitney South Sea expedition diary N: 180 (in American Museum of Natural History).Unpublished. CORREIA (1925) Whitney South Sea expedition diary O: 1 (in American Museum of Natural History).Unpublished. FINSCH, O. (1877) On a new species of petrel from the Feejee islands. Proceedings of the London Zoological Society 722. Jenkins, J. A. F. (1986) The seabirds of Fiji. Australasian Seabird Group Newsletter 25:1–70. WRIGHT, S. AND CABANIUK, S. (1996) Towards an Integrated Environmental Conservation and Tourism Development Plan for Kadavu Province. Suva: Native Lands Trust Board. Unpublished Report.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Nabukelevu. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/02/2016
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