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Location Fiji, Viti Levu
Central coordinates 178o 0.00' East  17o 46.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 28,700 ha
Altitude 610 - 930m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

NatureFiji- MareqetiViti (Affiliate)



Summary This site holds significant numbers of Long-legged warbler, and has contained all the other threatened and endemic species on Viti Levu, although Red-throated Lorikeet has not been seen for a number of years.

Site description The Rairaimatuku Highlands forms part of Viti Levu's large central plateau.  Some of the area receives partial protection as a watershed for Fiji’s largest hydro-electric dams.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Shy Ground-dove Alopecoenas stairi resident  2005  uncommon  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Many-coloured Fruit-dove Ptilinopus perousii resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Golden Dove Chrysoena luteovirens resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Collared Lory Phigys solitarius resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis resident  1993  unknown  A1, A2  Critically Endangered 
Masked Shining-parrot Prosopeia personata resident  2005  uncommon  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio carunculatus resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Giant Honeyeater Gymnomyza viridis resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Woodswallow Artamus mentalis resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Black-throated Shrikebill Clytorhynchus nigrogularis resident  2005  uncommon  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-crested Flycatcher Myiagra azureocapilla resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Long-legged Thicketbird Trichocichla rufa resident  2005  2 breeding pairs  poor  A1, A2  Endangered 
Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Pink-billed Parrotfinch Erythrura kleinschmidti resident  2005  uncommon  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - aquatic   -

Land ownership The forested watershed is owned by local land-owners but is not leased or managed by FEA, even though the FEA relies on the catchment for an uninterrupted supply of water for its hydropower. The land tenure is mostly Native Lands except for three Crown Lands totalling about 1,490 ha.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
water management -
forestry -
agriculture -

Other biodiversity The Rairaimatuku area is the only known site for the endemic Montane Tree Skink although this species is likely to occur elsewhere in montane Viti Levu. Other endemic species include Fijian Tree Frog (NT) and Green Tree Skink, but the plants and other biodiversity are poorly known.

Protection status Unprotected. Site of National Significance.

References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL Fiji Programme IBA project field reports Nos 2, 33 and 42. CLUNIE, F. (1979) Rough notes on the birds of Nadrau, Central Viti Levu. Heritage [Newsletter of the Fiji Museum, Suva]. HOLYOAK, D. T. (1979) Notes on the birds of Viti Levu and Taveuni, Fiji. Emu 79: 7–18. SWINNERTON, K. AND MALJKOVIC, A. (2002) The Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis in the Fiji Islands. Suva: National Trust for Fiji and World Parrot Trust. Unpublished report. WATLING, D. in litt. 2005

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rairaimatuku Highlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014

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