|Location||Fiji, Viti Levu|
|Central coordinates||178o 0.00' East 17o 46.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||610 - 930m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Summary This site holds significant numbers of Long-legged warbler, and has contained all the other threatened and endemic species on Viti Levu, although Red-throated Lorikeet has not been seen for a number of years.
Site description The Rairaimatuku Highlands forms part of Viti Levu's large central plateau. Some of the area receives partial protection as a watershed for Fiji’s largest hydro-electric dams.
Key Biodiversity The montane forests from Rairaimatuku to the Greater Tomaniivi IBA are the best hope for survival of Red-throated Lorikeet but ongoing surveys are yet to confirm its current status. The species was reportedly "well known to everyone in Nadrau" in 1979 and there are a few records in the Nadrau area until 1993. The IBA is nationally important for the numbers of Pacific Black Duck on Monasavu reservoir, where a maximum of 120 have been seen, and Peregrine Falcons probably breed. A1 Globally threatened species * [Red-throated Lorikeet (CR) – last known site (last sighting in 1993); may still occur] * Long-legged Warbler (EN) – one of only two known populations; at least two pairs * Friendly Ground-dove (VU) – uncommon * Pink-billed Parrotfinch (VU) – uncommon * Black-faced Shrikebill (VU) – fairly common * Masked Shining Parrot (NT) – uncommon at this altitude A2 Restricted-range species 24 species (out of 25 known from Viti Levu), including all three endemic to Viti Levu.
Non-bird biodiversity: The Rairaimatuku area is the only known site for the endemic Montane Tree Skink although this species is likely to occur elsewhere in montane Viti Levu. Other endemic species include Fijian Tree Frog (NT) and Green Tree Skink, but the plants and other biodiversity are poorly known.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques||resident||2005||rare||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Shy Ground-dove Alopecoenas stairi||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Many-coloured Fruit-dove Ptilinopus perousii||resident||2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Golden Dove Chrysoena luteovirens||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Collared Lory Phigys solitarius||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis||resident||1993||unknown||-||A1, A2||Critically Endangered|
|Masked Shining-parrot Prosopeia personata||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio carunculatus||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Giant Honeyeater Gymnomyza viridis||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Woodswallow Artamus mentalis||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni||resident||2005||rare||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis||resident||2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Clytorhynchus nigrogularis||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A1, A2||Not Recognised|
|Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Blue-crested Flycatcher Myiagra azureocapilla||resident||2005||rare||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Long-legged Thicketbird Trichocichla rufa||resident||2005||2 breeding pairs||poor||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pink-billed Parrotfinch Erythrura kleinschmidti||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Very little or no conservation action taking place||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||-|
Land ownership The forested watershed is owned by local land-owners but is not leased or managed by FEA, even though the FEA relies on the catchment for an uninterrupted supply of water for its hydropower. The land tenure is mostly Native Lands except for three Crown Lands totalling about 1,490 ha.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Unprotected. Site of National Significance.
References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL Fiji Programme IBA project field reports Nos 2, 33 and 42. CLUNIE, F. (1979) Rough notes on the birds of Nadrau, Central Viti Levu. Heritage [Newsletter of the Fiji Museum, Suva]. HOLYOAK, D. T. (1979) Notes on the birds of Viti Levu and Taveuni, Fiji. Emu 79: 7–18. SWINNERTON, K. AND MALJKOVIC, A. (2002) The Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis in the Fiji Islands. Suva: National Trust for Fiji and World Parrot Trust. Unpublished report. WATLING, D. in litt. 2005
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rairaimatuku Highlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/05/2016
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