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Location Fiji, Viti Levu
Central coordinates 178o 2.00' East  17o 37.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 17,500 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,324m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

NatureFiji- MareqetiViti (Affiliate)



Summary This site supports the largest known population of Long-legged Warbler, has good populations of Pink-billed Parrotfinches and is the most likely site for the, possibly extinct, Red-throated Lorikeet. 

Site description This site covers the upper slopes of Tomaniivi or Mt Victoria, Fiji’s highest mountain 1,324m asl, and extends on to the lower slopes in the north-east. 

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Shy Ground-dove Alopecoenas stairi resident  2005  uncommon  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Many-coloured Fruit-dove Ptilinopus perousii resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Golden Dove Chrysoena luteovirens resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Collared Lory Phigys solitarius resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis resident  1991  unknown  A1, A2  Critically Endangered 
Masked Shining-parrot Prosopeia personata resident  2005  frequent  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio carunculatus resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Giant Honeyeater Gymnomyza viridis resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Woodswallow Artamus mentalis resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Black-throated Shrikebill Clytorhynchus nigrogularis resident  2005  frequent  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-crested Flycatcher Myiagra azureocapilla resident  2005  rare  A2  Least Concern 
Long-legged Thicketbird Trichocichla rufa resident  2005  12 breeding pairs  poor  A1, A2  Endangered 
Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla resident  2005  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis resident  2005  common  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii resident  2005  frequent  A2  Least Concern 
Pink-billed Parrotfinch Erythrura kleinschmidti resident  2005  rare  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tomaniivi Nature Reserve 1,322 protected area contained by site 1,322  
Wabu Forest Nature Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 1,100  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major

Land ownership The nearest village, Navai, is situated on the road at the base of the Tomaniivi trail but other villages also have land-ownership rights over the IBA. These land-owners lease the reserves to the government. The land tenure includes part of one large Native Reserve, 53 Native Lands (totalling about 14,125 ha), two Crown Lands (2,016 ha) and one Freehold (1,282 ha).

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Tomaniivi supports several threatened plants, some of which are endemic to the mountain, e.g. Schefflera costata (VU). Recent PABITRA (IAS/Dept Forestry/ BirdLife/WCS) surveys at Wabu discovered the tree Acmopyle sahniana (CR), Fijian Blossom-bat (VU) and an insectivorous bat, probably Polynesian Sheath-tail-bat (EN). Herpetological surveys have found very few reptiles or amphibians (but include the endemic Fijian Tree Frog (NT) and Green Tree Skink), perhaps because the site is relatively cold.

Protection status The IBA comprises two large government reserves, Tomaniivi Nature Reserve (13km2) and Wabu Forest Reserve (11km2) both leased by the Department of Forestry.

References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (2004&2005) Fiji Programme IBA project field reports Nos 2, 11 and 18. Unpublished report. GOF (1998) Botanical Biodiversity in Fiji. Technical Group 3, Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Suva: Department of Environment. Unpublished report. SWINNERTON, K. AND MALJKOVIC, A. (2002) The Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis in the Fiji Islands. Suva: National Trust for Fiji and World Parrot Trust. Unpublished report. USP (2003) PABITRA Survey report – Wabu November 2003. Suva: University of the South Pacific. Unpublished report.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Greater Tomaniivi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife