|Central coordinates||179o 59.99' East 16o 53.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 1,241m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Summary This site supports the majority of the world’s Silktails (NT) and many other endemic birds. It may also hold the largest breeding colony of Tahiti Petrel in Fiji, as well as other burrow-nesting seabirds. This incorporates the largest currently protected area in Fiji and includes a spectacular expanse of primary forest from shore to summit.
Site description Taveuni is an old shield volcano dotted with more than 150 volcanic craters, which last erupted in 1658. The southern slopes rise steeply out of the sea and are characterised by high rainfall (up to 7 m/year), land-slips and regenerating forest. The mountains are even wetter (up to 10 m/year), but the north side is in a slight rain-shadow.
Key Biodiversity The Taveuni Mountains retain extensive unsurveyed forest which may be suitable for Red-throated Lorikeet, although none have been confirmed since 11 specimens were taken between 1887 and 1912. The majority of the world populations of eight subspecies of bird endemic to Taveuni breed in this IBA. A1 Globally threatened species * [Red-throated Lorikeet (CR) – historical records (last sighting in 1875); may still occur] * Friendly Ground-dove (VU) – fairly common * Black-faced Shrikebill (VU) – uncommon * Tahiti Petrel (NT) – the largest recorded numbers in Fiji (>150 were seen offshore in 2003) * Silktail (NT) – most of the estimated 5,000–8,000 pairs on Taveuni breed here A2 Restricted-range species 23 species (out of 23 on Taveuni), including all three endemic to Taveuni and Vanua Levu. A4ii Congregatory seabird species * Tahiti Petrel – poorly known but may meet the threshold of >100 pairs]
Non-bird biodiversity: Only partial surveys have been completed for plants but at least seven plant species are identified as endemic to this IBA. Threatened endemic plants include Syzygium phaeophyllum (CR), Alsmithia longipes (EN) and Neuburgia macroloba (EN). Also found commonly at higher altitudes on the island is the well-known Tagimaucia Medinilla waterhousei, which has been suggested as a suitable national flower for Fiji. The Fiji Flying-fox (CR) is only known from a few specimens from the summit forests of Taveuni. Both the Fijian Ground Frog (EN) and Fijian Tree Frog (NT) are found here, alongside several lizards which do not occur on islands with mongoose.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Tahiti Petrel Pseudobulweria rostrata||breeding||2003||150 individuals||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques||resident||2003-2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Shy Ground-dove Alopecoenas stairi||resident||2003-2005||frequent||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Many-coloured Fruit-dove Ptilinopus perousii||resident||2003-2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange Dove Chrysoena victor||resident||2003-2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans||resident||2003-2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Collared Lory Phigys solitarius||resident||2003-2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis||resident||1912||present||-||A1, A2||Critically Endangered|
|Maroon Shining-parrot Prosopeia tabuensis||resident||2003-2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio carunculatus||resident||2003-2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Giant Honeyeater Gymnomyza viridis||resident||2003-2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis||resident||2003-2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Woodswallow Artamus mentalis||resident||2003-2005||rare||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa||resident||2003-2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi||resident||2003-2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni||resident||2003-2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis||resident||2003-2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Black-throated Shrikebill Clytorhynchus nigrogularis||resident||2003-2005||uncommon||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis||resident||2003-2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Blue-crested Flycatcher Myiagra azureocapilla||resident||2003-2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Silktail Lamprolia victoriae||resident||2003-2005||4,000-7,000 breeding pairs||good||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla||resident||2003-2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator||resident||2003-2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis||resident||2003-2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii||resident||2003-2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data|
|Some of site covered (10-49%)||No management planning has taken place||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Bouma National Park||Heritage Park||15,000||protected area contained by site||15,000|
|Ravilevu||Nature Reserve||4,020||protected area contained by site||4,020|
|Taveuni||Reserved Forest||11,295||protected area contained by site||11,295|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Land ownership The land tenure is a mixture of Native Lands and Freehold Lands.
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Taveuni Forest Reserve, Ravilevu Nature Reserve, Bouma National Heritage Park
References Atkinson, I. A. E. (1985) The spread of commensal species of Rattus to oceanic islands and their effect on island avifaunas. Pages 35-81 in P. J. Moors, editor. Conservation of island birds. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, United Kingdom. BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (2005) Fiji Programme IBA project field reports Nos 39 and 40. Botanical Biodiversity in Fiji. Technical Group 3,Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Suva: Department of Environment. Unpublished report. Bruderer, B., Peter, D. and Steuri, T. (1999) Behavior of migrating birds exposed to Xband radar and a bright light beam. Journal of Experimental Biology 202: 1015–1022. Le Corre, M., Ollivier, A., Ribes, S. and Jouventin, P. (2002) Light-induced mortality of petrels: a 4-year study from Réunion Island (Indian Ocean). Biol. Conserv. 105: 93–102. Croxall, J. P., Butchart, S. H. M., Lascelles, B., Stattersfield, A. J., Sullivan, B., Symes, A. and Taylor, P. (2012) Seabird conservation status, threats and priority actions: a global assessment. Bird Conservation International 22: 1-34. Duffy, D. C. (2010) Changing Seabird Management in Hawai‘i: from exploitation through management to restoration. Waterbirds 33: 193-207. FLANNERY, T. F. (1995) Mammals of the South-west Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Sydney: Reed Books.GoF (1998) GOF-IUCN (1993) An Integrated Development Plan for Taveuni Island. National Environment Management Project. Suva: Government of Fiji. IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (2012) Rattus exulans. Global Invasive Species Database. Downloaded from http://www.issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp?si=170&fr=1&sts=sss on 8th October 2012. Jones, H. P., Tershy, B. R., Zavaleta, E. S., Croll, D. A., Keitt, B. S., Finkelstein, M. E. and Howald, G. R. (2008) Severity of the effects of invasive rats on seabirds: a global review. Conservation Biology 22: 16-26. Kepler, B. (1967) Polynesian rat predation on nesting Laysan Albatrosses and other Pacific seabirds. Auk 84: 426-430. Miles, W., Money, S., Luxmoore, R. and Furness, R.W. (2010) Effects of artificial lights and moonlight on petrels at St Kilda. Bird Study 57: 244–251. MORLEY, C. G. (2004) Has the invasive mongoose Herpestes javanicus yet reached the island of Taveuni, Fiji? Oryx 38: 457–460. NLTB AND MINISTRY OF FORESTRY (1991) A Management Plan for Bouma Forest Park, Taveuni, Fiji Islands. Wellington: New Zealand Ministry of External Relations and Trade. NLTB AND MINISTRY OF FORESTRY (1994) Bouma Environmental Tourism Project. Suva: Government of Fiji. Unpublished report. Reed, J.R., Sincock, J.L. & Hailman, J.P. (1985) Light attraction in endangered Procellariiform birds: reduction by shielding upward radiation. Auk 102: 377–383. Rodrigues, P., Aubrecht, C., Gil, A., Longcore, T. and Elvidge, C. (2011) Remote sensing to map influence of light pollution on Cory’s Shearwater in São Miguel Island, Azores Archipelago. Eur. J. Wildl. Res. doi: 10.1007/s10344-011-0555-5. Rodríguez, A. and Rodríguez, B. (2009) Attraction of petrels to artificial lights in the Canary Islands: effect of the moon phase and age class. Ibis 151: 299–310. Rodríguez, C., Torres, R. and Drummond, H. (2006) Eradicating introduced mammals from a forested tropical island. Biological Conservation 130: 98-105. SWINNERTON, K. AND MALJKOVIC, A. (2002) The Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis in the Fiji Islands. Suva: National Trust for Fiji and World Parrot Trust. Unpublished report. Telfer, T.C., Sincock, J.L., Byrd, G.V. and Reed, J.R. (1987) Attraction of Hawaiian seabirds to lights: conservation efforts and effects of moon phase. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 15: 406–413. WATLING, D. (1986) Notes on the Collared Petrel Pterodroma (leucoptera) brevipes. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists Club 106: 63–70.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Taveuni Highlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2014
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