email a friend
printable version
Location Fiji, Taveuni
Central coordinates 179o 59.99' East  16o 53.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 28,700 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,241m
Year of IBA assessment 2006

NatureFiji- MareqetiViti (Affiliate)



Site description The Taveuni Highlands IBA supports a good population of Friendly Ground-Doves (VU), the majority of the world’s Silktails (NT), the largest number of Tahiti Petrels (NT) in Fiji and many other endemic birds. The three reserves have been combined into a single IBA which forms a contiguous forest block. This is the largest currently protected area in Fiji and includes a spectacular expanse of primary forest from shore to summit.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Tahiti Petrel Pseudobulweria rostrata breeding  2003  150 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques resident  2003-2005  uncommon [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Shy Ground-dove Gallicolumba stairi resident  2003-2005  frequent [units unknown]  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Many-coloured Fruit-dove Ptilinopus perousii resident  2003-2005  uncommon [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Orange Dove Ptilinopus victor resident  2003-2005  common [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Peale's Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans resident  2003-2005  common [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Collared Lory Phigys solitarius resident  2003-2005  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis resident  1912  present [units unknown]  A1, A2  Critically Endangered 
Red Shining-parrot Prosopeia tabuensis resident  2003-2005  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio carunculatus resident  2003-2005  abundant [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Giant Honeyeater Gymnomyza viridis resident  2003-2005  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis resident  2003-2005  common [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Woodswallow Artamus mentalis resident  2003-2005  rare [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa resident  2003-2005  common [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi resident  2003-2005  common [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni resident  2003-2005  abundant [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis resident  2003-2005  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Black-throated Shrikebill Clytorhynchus nigrogularis resident  2003-2005  uncommon [units unknown]  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis resident  2003-2005  uncommon [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-crested Flycatcher Myiagra azureocapilla resident  2003-2005  common [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Silktail Lamprolia victoriae resident  2003-2005  4,000-7,000 breeding pairs  good  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla resident  2003-2005  common [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator resident  2003-2005  abundant [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis resident  2003-2005  uncommon [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii resident  2003-2005  frequent [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bouma National Park Heritage Park 15,000 protected area contained by site 15,000  
Ravilevu Nature Reserve 4,020 protected area contained by site 4,020  
Taveuni Reserved Forest 11,295 protected area contained by site 11,295  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Coastline   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity Only partial surveys have been completed for plants but at least seven plant species are identified as endemic to this IBA. Threatened endemic plants include Syzygium phaeophyllum (CR), Alsmithia longipes (EN) and Neuburgia macroloba (EN). Also found commonly at higher altitudes on the island is the well-known Tagimaucia Medinilla waterhousei, which has been suggested as a suitable national flower for Fiji. The Fiji Flying-fox (CR) is only known from a few specimens from the summit forests of Taveuni. Both the Fijian Ground Frog (EN) and Fijian Tree Frog (NT) are found here, alongside several lizards which do not occur on islands with mongoose.

Protection status Taveuni Forest Reserve, Ravilevu Nature Reserve, Bouma National Heritage Park

References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (2005) Fiji Programme IBA project field reports Nos 39 and 40. FLANNERY, T. F. (1995) Mammals of the South-west Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Sydney: Reed Books.GoF (1998) Botanical Biodiversity in Fiji. Technical Group 3, Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Suva: Department of Environment. Unpublished report. GOF-IUCN (1993) An Integrated Development Plan for Taveuni Island. National Environment Management Project. Suva: Government of Fiji. MORLEY, C. G. (2004) Has the invasive mongoose Herpestes javanicus yet reached the island of Taveuni, Fiji? Oryx 38: 457–460. NLTB AND MINISTRY OF FORESTRY (1994) Bouma Environmental Tourism Project. Suva: Government of Fiji. Unpublished report. NLTB AND MINISTRY OF FORESTRY (1991) A Management Plan for Bouma Forest Park, Taveuni, Fiji Islands. Wellington: New Zealand Ministry of External Relations and Trade. SWINNERTON, K. AND MALJKOVIC, A. (2002) The Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis in the Fiji Islands. Suva: National Trust for Fiji and World Parrot Trust. Unpublished report. WATLING, D. (1986) Notes on the Collared Petrel Pterodroma (leucoptera) brevipes. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists Club 106: 63–70.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Taveuni Highlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife