|Location||Fiji, Vanua Levu|
|Central coordinates||179o 24.00' East 16o 38.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||90 - 941m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Summary This IBA holds the largest remaining important forests in Vanua Levu, is the only known site for the Vanua Levu subspecies of Long-legged Warbler, and supports all of the island's other endemic birds apart from Silktail.
Site description This IBA contains the only known site for the Vanua Levu subspecies of Long-legged Warbler (EN), and has all the other endemic birds on Vanua Levu except for the Silktail, which is restricted to another peninsula. It consists of the largest remaining important forests in Vanua Levu, and includes six Sites of National Significance as outlined in the BSAP: Delaikoro, Waisali, Tavea, Valili, Drawa and Delainacau.
Key Biodiversity This IBA supports eight of the nine subspecies endemic to Vanua Levu. A1 (globally threatened species) * Friendly Ground-dove (VU) – fairly common in some areas * [Long-legged Warbler (VU) – the only record of the Vanua Levu subspecies T. r. clunei was from here in 1974; probably still occurs] * Black-faced Shrikebill (VU) – rare A2 (restricted-range species) 22 species (out of 24 on Vanua Levu), including two of the three endemic to Vanua Levu and Taveuni.
Non-bird biodiversity: Limited surveys have been undertaken in Waisali and Drawa only. Waisali is the only known site for the Fijian Ground Frog (EN) on mainland Fiji (Viti Levu and Vanua Levu) despite the presence of mongoose. Waisali also supports the Fijian Tree Frog (NT) and at least four species of reptile including the Turquoise Tree Skink which is known only from one other specimen. The BSAP technical botanical report identified six Vanua Levu sites of high botanical biodiversity, four of which are part of this IBA (Waisali, Mt Dikeva, Mt Delainacau and Mt Kasi). Botanical surveys at Drawa showed that 51% of flora species are native, 47% are endemic to Fiji and 10 species are threatened within Fiji.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Shy Ground-dove Alopecoenas stairi||resident||2005||frequent||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Many-coloured Fruit-dove Ptilinopus perousii||resident||2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange Dove Chrysoena victor||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Barking Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Collared Lory Phigys solitarius||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Maroon Shining-parrot Prosopeia tabuensis||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio carunculatus||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Giant Honeyeater Gymnomyza viridis||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Woodswallow Artamus mentalis||resident||2005||rare||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis||resident||2005||uncommon||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Black-throated Shrikebill Clytorhynchus nigrogularis||resident||2005||rare||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis||resident||2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Blue-crested Flycatcher Myiagra azureocapilla||resident||2005||common||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Long-legged Thicketbird Trichocichla rufa||resident||1974||1 individuals||poor||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator||resident||2005||abundant||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis||resident||2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii||resident||2005||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Invasive and other problematic species and genes||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||likely in short term (within 4 years)||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||negligible|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Waisali Forest||Amenity Reserve||50||protected area contained by site||50|
Protection status Unprotected except for Waisali Forest Amenity Reserve (120 ha). Most of the site is a Site of National Significance.
References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (2005) Fiji Programme IBA project field reports Nos 26, 31, 34, 35 and 36. FUNG, C. (2005) Profile of the Drawa Model Area. Appraisal of a Rural Forest Area in Fiji. Suva: Pacific German Regional Forestry Project. Unpublished report. GOF (1998) Botanical Biodiversity in Fiji. Technical Group 3, Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Suva: Department of Environment. Unpublished report: MORRISON, C., NAIKATINI, A., THOMAS, N., ROUNDS, I., THAMAN, B. AND NIUKULA, J. (2004) Importance of Waisali Reserve, Vanua Levu for herpetofauna conservation in Fiji. South Pacific Journal of Natural Science 22: 71–74. SOUTH PACIFIC REGIONAL HERBARIUM (2004) Baseline Floral and Faunal Survey of Waisali Reserve, Cakaudrove, Fiji Island. Biodiversity and Ethnobiodiversity Report. Suva: South Pacific Regional Herbarium. TUIWAWA, M. in litt. (1999, 2000)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wailevu/Dreketi Highlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014
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