|Location||Fiji, Vanua Levu|
|Central coordinates||179o 49.00' East 16o 36.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 832m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2006|
Ornithological information This IBA supports seven of the nine subspecies endemic to Vanua Levu. The peninsula is also ornithologically unique in having no Giant Forest Honeyeaters or Blue-crested Broadbills which are otherwise widespread across Vanua Levu and Taveuni. A1 Globally threatened species * Friendly Ground-dove (VU) – often seen * Silktail (NT) – a high proportion of the Natewa/Tunuloa subspecies L. v. kleinschmidti A2 Restricted-range species 21 species (out of 21 on Natewa peninsula and 24 on Vanua Levu), including all three endemic to Vanua Levu and Taveuni.
Site description This IBA contains most of the large remaining forest tracts on the Natewa/Tunuloa peninsula. This peninsula has a unique assemblage of birds including the threatened Vanua Levu subspecies of Silktail (NT). It also supports large numbers of the other species endemic to Vanua Levu/Taveuni and Friendly Ground-doves (VU).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques||resident||2005||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Shy Ground-dove Gallicolumba stairi||resident||2005||rare [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Many-coloured Fruit-dove Ptilinopus perousii||resident||2005||rare [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange Dove Ptilinopus victor||resident||2005||frequent [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Peale's Imperial-pigeon Ducula latrans||resident||2005||common [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Collared Lory Phigys solitarius||resident||2005||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Red Shining-parrot Prosopeia tabuensis||resident||2005||common [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Wattled Honeyeater Foulehaio carunculatus||resident||2005||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange-breasted Myzomela Myzomela jugularis||resident||2005||frequent [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Woodswallow Artamus mentalis||resident||2005||rare [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Triller Lalage maculosa||resident||2005||uncommon [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Streaked Fantail Rhipidura verreauxi||resident||2005||frequent [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Slaty Monarch Mayrornis lessoni||resident||2005||common [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Shrikebill Clytorhynchus vitiensis||resident||2005||frequent [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Black-throated Shrikebill Clytorhynchus nigrogularis||resident||2005||rare [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Vanikoro Flycatcher Myiagra vanikorensis||resident||2005||frequent [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Silktail Lamprolia victoriae||resident||2005||frequent [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Fiji Bush-warbler Cettia ruficapilla||resident||2005||frequent [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Layard's White-eye Zosterops explorator||resident||2005||common [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Polynesian Starling Aplonis tabuensis||resident||2005||rare [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Fiji Parrotfinch Erythrura pealii||resident||2005||frequent [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity There have been no systematic surveys of any biodiversity groups except for birds in the IBA.
Management considerations Forestry; Agriculture; Invasive Alien Species
Protection status Unprotected. Site of National Significance.
Conservation response The Natewa/Tunuloa peninsula has suffered extensive logging which continues around the IBA. Logging is often unsustainable, leading to increased numbers of invasive alien species as well as degraded forest. Logging is more of a threat to the gentler southern slopes. Extensive areas of native forest have also been cleared for mahogany plantations but hopefully this practice has now been discontinued. Forest birds can be found in tracts of native forest along watercourses and on steeper slopes within logged forest and mahogany plantations, but their survival is dependent on maintenance of these native trees. Agriculture is also encroaching into the forest as there are very limited areas of flat land on the peninsula not converted into coconut plantations. The IBA is the source of all rivers and drinking water for villages along the peninsula. The impacts of unsustainable logging on drinking water quality, marine resources in Natewa Bay and other environmental problems have lead a number of the mataqali in at least four villages around the IBA to seek assistance for forest conservation. The impacts of invasive alien species on the birds are unknown but, as with all sites on Vanua Levu, mongoose are likely to be significant predators of birds, their eggs and chicks. The Savusavu area is becoming popular with tourists and the improved road to Natewa/Tunuloa is opening tourism opportunities for the peninsula.
References BIRDLIFE INTERNATIONAL (2004 & 2005) Fiji Programme IBA project field reports Nos 24 and 41. Unpublished Reports.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Natewa/Tunuloa Peninsula. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2013
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