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Location Spain, Islas Canarias
Central coordinates 18o 1.00' West  27o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 2,300 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,500m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A large area covering parts of northern and western El Hierro. Heath, scrub and laurel Laurus forest are interspersed with exposed bedrock and inland cliffs that support rocky vegetation.

Key Biodiversity The site is the only area on El Hierro that supports Columba bollii. It is also important for endemic subspecies of several forest passerines.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon Columba bollii resident  1993  uncommon  A1, B2, C1  Least Concern 
Eurasian Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs resident  1996  present  C6  Least Concern 
Island Canary Serinus canaria resident  1996  abundant  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
El Hierro - ES0000103 Birds Directive 12,406 protected area overlaps with site 1,767  
Frontera Rural Park 12,488 protected area overlaps with site 1,400  
Frontera - ES7020099 Habitats Directive 8,807 protected area overlaps with site 1,305  
Gorreta y Salmor - ES0000104 Birds Directive 595 protected area overlaps with site 391  
La Caldereta - ES7020026 Habitats Directive 18 protected area overlaps with site 16  
Mencáfete - ES7020001 Habitats Directive 455 protected area overlaps with site 341  
Mencáfite Integral Natural Reserve 463 protected area contained by site 463  
Roques de Salmor - ES7020002 Habitats Directive 4 protected area overlaps with site 1  
Tibataje Special Natural Reserve 601 protected area overlaps with site 500  
Tibataje - ES7020003 Habitats Directive 593 protected area overlaps with site 390  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  26%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
forestry -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International High1,400 ha of IBA covered by Rural Park (Frontera, 12,488 ha). 463 ha of IBA covered by Integral Nature Reserve (Mencáfite, 463 ha). 500 ha of IBA covered by Special Natural Reserve (Tibataje, 601 ha). 1,400 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (El Hierro, 11,980 ha). 900 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Gorreta y Salmor, 922 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Frontera laurel forest. Downloaded from on 28/04/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife