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Location Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul,Santa Catarina
Central coordinates 50o 10.00' West  29o 13.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 150,000 ha
Altitude 40 - 1,500m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

SAVE Brasil (Affiliate)



Site description As florestas que recobrem a borda leste do Planalto Meridional, ou Serra Geral, configuram um corredor de Mata Atlântica ainda bem preservada que se estende de forma praticamente contínua desde a Serra do Rio do Rastro, em Santa Catarina, até o vale do rio Maquiné, no Rio Grande do Sul . A paisagem dessa porção do sul do Brasil é marcada por um conjunto espetacular de cânions profundos e íngremes, delimitados por penhascos verticais que parecem ter sido aparados a faca, daí o nome pelo qual a região é conhecida. A vegetação varia da floresta atlântica de encosta a matas montanas, que passam a florestas com araucária nas altitudes superiores a 800 m da porção meridional do maciço. Autênticas matas de neblina revestem certos trechos da orla do Planalto voltados diretamente para o mar. Localmente, o maciço florestal estendese até áreas de baixada e incorpora remanescentes de floresta atlântica de terras baixas, como na Reserva Biológica Estadual da Mata Paludosa, no Rio Grande do Sul. Os campos de altitude ocorrem apenas marginalmente, nos Parques Nacionais de Aparados da Serra e da Serra Geral. Tal como a vegetação, o clima também varia conforme a altitude, de úmido e relativamente quente nas baixadas a superúmido e temperado nas partes mais elevadas. Um cordão de áreas protegidas quase contíguas protege a parte sul do maciço florestal.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-fronted Piping-guan Pipile jacutinga unknown  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Spot-winged Wood-quail Odontophorus capueira unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Mantled Hawk Pseudastur polionotus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail Aramides saracura unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Vinaceous-breasted Amazon Amazona vinacea unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Blue-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-spectacled Amazon Amazona pretrei non-breeding  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Long-tufted Screech-owl Megascops sanctaecatarinae unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-barred Owl Strix hylophila unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Stephanoxis lalandi unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Trogon surrucura unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Mottled Piculet Picumnus nebulosus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Piprites Piprites pileata unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullata unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus obsoletus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Velvety Black-tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus present  A3  Least Concern 
Shear-tailed Grey-tyrant Muscipipra vetula unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Unicoloured Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Squamate Antbird Myrmeciza squamosa unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Marsh Tapaculo Scytalopus iraiensis unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Tapaculo Eleoscytalopus indigoticus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Cinclodes Cinclodes pabsti unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Striolated Tit-spinetail Leptasthenura striolata unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Araucaria Tit-spinetail Leptasthenura setaria unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Spinetail Cranioleuca obsoleta unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Straight-billed Reedhaunter Limnoctites rectirostris unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Azure Jay Cyanocorax caeruleus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bay-chested Warbling-finch Poospiza thoracica unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Seedeater Sporophila melanogaster unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Blackish-blue Seedeater Amaurospiza moesta unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Euphonia Euphonia chalybea unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

References Bencke & Kindel (1999); Bencke et al. (2003); Albuquerque (1983); Belton (1994); Varty et al. (1994); Parker & Goerck (1997), Voss et al. (1998); Kirwan & Williams (1999); Bencke et al. (2000); Glayson A. Bencke (dados inéditos); Giovanni N. Maurício e Marcos R. Bornschein (dados inéditos).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Região dos Aparados da Serra. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife