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Location Brazil, Rio de Janeiro,São Paulo
Central coordinates 44o 46.00' West  23o 9.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 150,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 2,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

SAVE Brasil (Affiliate)



Site description Essa extensa área compreende a planície costeira em torno da baía da Ilha Grande, no litoral sul-fluminense, bem como os maciços montanhosos circunvizinhos ao longo da divisa entre o Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo, que fazem parte das serras do Mar e da Bocaina. Em razão do amplo gradiente altitudinal que abrange, a área possui grande variação de clima e relevo, incluindo desde praias arenosas e florestas litorâneas de baixada, sujeitas a um clima tropical superúmido, até matas com araucária e campos de altitude nas partes mais altas da Serra da Bocaina, onde chega a nevar no inverno. Os limites da área abrangem as baixadas ainda florestadas de Paraty e Angra dos Reis (para leste até além dos vales dos rios Florestão e Ariró), o Parque Nacional da Serra da Bocaina, exceto a sua porção paulista que se sobrepõe ao Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, em Ubatuba, e os altiplanos desprotegidos da Serra da Bocaina, no sul dos municípios de Bananal e São José do Barreiro. Os principais hábitats são manguezais, restingas, floresta ombrófila densa aluvial, submontana, montana e alto-montana, e campos de altitude, acima dos 1.800 m.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-fronted Piping-guan Pipile jacutinga unknown  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Spot-winged Wood-quail Odontophorus capueira unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-necked Hawk Buteogallus lacernulatus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Crowned Solitary Eagle Buteogallus coronatus unknown  unknown  A1  Endangered 
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail Aramides saracura unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-browed Amazon Amazona rhodocorytha unknown  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Blue-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-tailed Parrotlet Touit surdus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Least Pygmy-owl Glaucidium minutissimum unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Stephanoxis lalandi unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrochloris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Trogon surrucura unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Malacoptila striata unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharchus swainsoni unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Serra do Mar Tyrant-manakin Neopelma chrysolophum unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Piprites Piprites pileata unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullata unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-backed Tachuri Polystictus superciliaris unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2  Least Concern 
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet Phylloscartes paulista unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Oustalet's Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus diops unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus obsoletus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Eye-ringed Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Hangnest Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Fork-tailed Pygmy-tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Eared Pygmy-tyrant Myiornis auricularis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Russet-winged Spadebill Platyrinchus leucoryphus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Atlantic Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus swainsoni unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Velvety Black-tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Salvadori's Antwren Myrmotherula minor unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Unicoloured Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-hooded Antwren Formicivora erythronotos unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Squamate Antbird Myrmeciza squamosa unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Such's Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Automolus leucophthalmus unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-eyed Thornbird Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bay-chested Warbling-finch Poospiza thoracica unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-backed Tanager Tangara peruviana unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cairuçu Environmental Protection Area 32,688 protected area contained by site 30,000  
Guarani de Bracui Indigenous Area 2,140 protected area contained by site 2,140  
Serra da Bocaina National Park 97,954 protected area overlaps with site 70,000  
Serra do Mar State Park 304,753 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove  -

References Buzzetti (2000); Wege & Long (1995); Pacheco (1988b); BirdLife International (2004); Mendonça & Gonzaga (2000); Pacheco et al. (1997); Collar et al. (1992); Berla (1944); Galetti et al. (1997a); Sick (1997); Buzzetti (1998); Vasconcelos et al. (2003b).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife