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Location Brazil, Rio de Janeiro
Central coordinates 43o 3.00' West  22o 29.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 16,000 ha
Altitude 190 - 2,263m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

SAVE Brasil (Affiliate)



Site description O maciço da Serra dos Órgãos, famoso por seus pináculos rochosos de formas inusitadas, está situado a apenas 50 km da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, no centro do Estado. Juntamente com a Serra do Tinguá (RJ06), a oeste, e as florestas entre Teresópolis e Nova Friburgo (RJ02), a leste, forma um bloco florestal praticamente contínuo ao longo da Serra do Mar fluminense, que somente é interrompido ou estreitado pelas áreas urbanas de Petrópolis, Teresópolis e Guapimirim. O Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos abrange principalmente terras acima de 900 m de altitude, mas a área estendese além dos limites dessa unidade de conservação, incluindo remanescentes desprotegidos de floresta baixo-montana no sopé da serra. Em alguns pontos, es- ses remanescentes prolongamse de forma ininterrupta até c.190 m de altitude. Mais abaixo, a floresta já se encontra quase inteiramente fragmentada, ao passo que nas baixadas adjacentes existem apenas manchas esparsas de mata secundária. A Serra dos Órgãos, entretanto, ainda apresenta grandes extensões de floresta primária, sobretudo a partir dos 400 m de altitude. Acima de 1.830 m, as florestas de encosta dão lugar a matas nebulares e brenhas de bambus (até 2.100 m), e após a campos de altitude com charcos turfosos, nos cumes das montanhas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spot-winged Wood-quail Odontophorus capueira unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-necked Hawk Buteogallus lacernulatus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Mantled Hawk Pseudastur polionotus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail Aramides saracura unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-winged Ground-dove Claravis geoffroyi unknown  unknown  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-backed Parrotlet Touit melanonotus unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Screech-owl Megascops atricapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Stephanoxis lalandi unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Trogon surrucura unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Malacoptila striata unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-winged Cotinga Tijuca condita resident  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Kinglet Calyptura Calyptura cristata unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Critically Endangered 
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-throated Purpletuft Iodopleura pipra unknown  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullata unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus diops unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Eye-ringed Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Eared Pygmy-tyrant Myiornis auricularis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Velvety Black-tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Antshrike Biatas nigropectus unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Sooretama Slaty-antshrike Thamnophilus ambiguus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Unicoloured Antwren Myrmotherula unicolor unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Such's Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Automolus leucophthalmus unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Itatiaia Thistletail Asthenes moreirae unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bay-chested Warbling-finch Poospiza thoracica unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
da Bacia do Rio Macacu State Environmental Protection Area 43,018 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Região Serrana de Petrópolis Environmental Protection Area 59,049 protected area overlaps with site 5,473  
Serra dos Órgãos National Park 10,527 protected area contained by site 10,527  
Três Picos State Park 46,350 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

References Scott & Brooke (1985); Mallet-Rodrigues & Noronha (2003); Wege & Long (1995); Collar et al . (1992); Pacheco & Fonseca (2000); Gonzaga (1983); Gonzaga (1988); Raposo et al . (1994a); Pacheco et al . (2003a); Raposo et al . (1994b); BirdLife International (2000); Snow (1982); Noronha et al . (1996); Sick (1997); Ferreira et al . (2000).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Serra dos Órgãos. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife