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Location Brazil, Minas Gerais,Rio de Janeiro
Central coordinates 44o 39.00' West  22o 22.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 30,000 ha
Altitude 650 - 2,791m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

SAVE Brasil (Affiliate)



Site description Esse antigo parque nacional está localizado sobre a Serra da Mantiqueira, no extremo oeste do Rio de Janeiro e em áreas adjacentes de Minas Gerais. O relevo é montanhoso, com encostas íngremes e elevações rochosas abruptas, sendo o Pico das Agulhas Negras (2.791 m) o ponto culminante de toda a região. O clima e a vegetação local variam bastante conforme a altitude, originando uma evidente zonação ecológica. As encostas inferiores da vertente sul da serra, até altitudes de 1.100 m, são revestidas por florestas montanas. Devido ao histórico de ocupação da área, essas florestas são, em sua maior parte, secundárias. De 1.100 a 2.000 m (ou de 1.500 a 2.200 m no norte e até 2.700 m no oeste do parque) existem florestas alto-montanas, ou matas nebulares, que gradativamente diminuem de porte e dão lugar aos campos de altitude, a partir de 1.600–2.400 m. Em alguns setores elevados do parque, principalmente no norte e no extremo oeste, ocorrem indivíduos esparsos ou agrupamentos de Araucaria angustifolia (araucária ou pinheiro-do-paraná), mas essa conífera foi intensamente explorada no passado e hoje é mais abundante em algumas áreas do entorno, como Visconde de Mauá. O clima regional é mesotérmico, com verões brandos; as geadas são comuns nas partes mais altas da serra durante o inverno e podem ocorrer breves nevadas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-winged Wood-quail Odontophorus capueira unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Mantled Hawk Pseudastur polionotus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail Aramides saracura unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-winged Ground-dove Claravis geoffroyi unknown  unknown  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Blue-winged Macaw Primolius maracana unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-backed Parrotlet Touit melanonotus unknown  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Screech-owl Megascops atricapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-barred Owl Strix hylophila unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Stephanoxis lalandi unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Trogon surrucura unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Malacoptila striata unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharchus swainsoni unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Serra do Mar Tyrant-manakin Neopelma chrysolophum unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Piprites Piprites pileata unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-gold Cotinga Tijuca atra unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-backed Tachuri Polystictus superciliaris unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2  Least Concern 
Southern Bristle-tyrant Phylloscartes eximius unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet Phylloscartes difficilis unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus diops unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus obsoletus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Hangnest Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Fork-tailed Pygmy-tyrant Hemitriccus furcatus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Eared Pygmy-tyrant Myiornis auricularis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Atlantic Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus swainsoni unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Velvety Black-tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Shear-tailed Grey-tyrant Muscipipra vetula unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Antshrike Biatas nigropectus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Slaty Bristlefront Merulaxis ater unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Tapaculo Eleoscytalopus indigoticus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Such's Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Automolus leucophthalmus unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Araucaria Tit-spinetail Leptasthenura setaria unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Itatiaia Thistletail Asthenes moreirae unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bay-chested Warbling-finch Poospiza thoracica unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Temminck's Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blackish-blue Seedeater Amaurospiza moesta unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Itatiaia National Park 30,000 is identical to site 30,000  

References dos Santos (2000); www.jbrj.gov.br/pesquisa/ pma/itatiaia.htm; www.lsi.usp.br/econet/snuc/ ucrj/pni/pni.htm; Bauer & Pacheco (2000); Santos & Zikan (2000); Parker & Goerck (1997); Wege & Long (1995); Alves et al. (2000a); Pacheco & Fonseca (1992); Collar et al. (1992); Pacheco et al. (2003a); Crespo & Carneiro (2000); Pinto (1954); Willis & Oniki (1983); Pineschi (1990); Sick (1997); Machado et al. (1998); Pacheco & Parrini (1998, 2000); BirdLife International (2000); Marigo (2002); Vasconcelos et al. (2003).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parque Nacional de Itatiaia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife