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Location Spain, Islas Canarias
Central coordinates 17o 49.00' West  28o 46.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3, C1, C6
Area 511 ha
Altitude 250 - 1,800m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description Several valleys that support the most valuable laurel Laurus forest on La Palma. Located in the north-east of the island, the site also contains mixed (Laurus and Pinus canariensis) and coniferous woodland, exposed bedrock and cliffs. In the past, forests were intensively exploited, water-ways were channelized, and livestock-grazing and hunting took place.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus resident  1988  frequent  C6  Least Concern 
Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon Columba bollii resident  1985  common  A1, A2, B2, C1, C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Laurel-pigeon Columba junoniae resident  1985  abundant  A1, A2, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  present  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Goldcrest Regulus regulus resident  1996  abundant  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Island Canary Serinus canaria resident  1996  frequent  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cumbres y acantilados del norte de La Palma - ES0000114 Birds Directive 22,701 protected area contains site 511  
El Canal y Los Tiles UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 511 protected area overlaps with site 511  
Las Nieves Nature Park 5,094 protected area overlaps with site 250  
Las Nieves - ES7020010 Habitats Directive 5,115 protected area overlaps with site 459  
Monteverde de Lomo Grande - ES7020092 Habitats Directive 495 protected area overlaps with site 53  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Heathland  26%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International High250 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Las Nieves, 5,094 ha). 511 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (El Canal y Los Tiles, 511 ha). 250 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Monte de los Sauces, Punta Llana y Pinar de Garafía, 4,067 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: El Canal y Los Tiles laurel forest. Downloaded from on 22/09/2014

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