|Central coordinates||27o 39.00' East 52o 18.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Altitude||126 - 138m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description The site is a large complex of small and large fish ponds surrounded by floodplain oak woods. There are two types of ponds: on-growing (3-8 ha) and fattening (about 50 ha). Most ponds are subject to very rapid overgrowth with vegetation, mainly by sedges and cattails. Fish ponds are different from natural high-production water bodies because they form an unlimited feeding base for birds in the form of fish and the artificial foodstuffs applied for their breeding.
Key Biodiversity Bieloie fishfarm is one of the region's largest breeding centres for many fish-eating and waterbirds. The following globally threatened species breed: White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla (1 pair) and Corncrake Crex crex (10 males). About 40-50 Black Storks Ciconia nigra stay here through the summer. But the biggest value of the IBA is that it is the sole Belarusian breeding ground of the very rare Smew Mergellus albellus (about 20 pairs).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Gadwall Mareca strepera||breeding||2004||10-15 breeding pairs||good||B2||Least Concern|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||breeding||1989||500-600 breeding pairs||good||B3||Vulnerable|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||breeding||1991||22 breeding pairs||good||A1||Near Threatened|
|Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris||breeding||1999-2002||28-35 males only||good||B2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Broadleaved deciduous woodland||60%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||40%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status National Conservation Status: none
References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bielaje fish farm. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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