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Location Brazil, Paraná
Central coordinates 54o 0.00' West  25o 30.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 185,000 ha
Altitude 200 - 600m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

SAVE Brasil (Affiliate)



Site description Localizado no extremo oeste do Paraná, o Parque Nacional do Iguaçu resguarda o maior remanescente contínuo de Mata Atlântica inteiramente contido em uma unidade de conservação de proteção integral. Nos limites do parque com a Argentina, próximo à cidade de Foz do Iguaçu, estão as mundialmente famosas cataratas do trecho final do rio Iguaçu, que anualmente atraem milhares de turistas à região. O clima local é úmido, sem estação seca definida. A vegetação predominante no parque, embora luxuriante, carece do caráter sempre-verde típico das florestas litorâneas e é classificada como floresta estacional semidecidual, sendo rica em epífitas, lianas e bambus. Nos setores mais elevados da parte norte do parque existem trechos razoavelmente extensos de mata com araucária. A cobertura florestal da área é contígua à do vizinho Parque Nacional Iguazú, na Argentina.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-fronted Piping-guan Pipile jacutinga unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A3  Endangered 
Spot-winged Wood-quail Odontophorus capueira unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionotus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail Aramides saracura unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-winged Ground-dove Claravis geoffroyi unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Vinaceous-breasted Amazon Amazona vinacea unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Screech-owl Megascops atricapilla unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-barred Owl Strix hylophila unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Least Pygmy-owl Glaucidium minutissimum unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plovercrest Stephanoxis lalandi unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Helmeted Woodpecker Dryocopus galeatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharchus swainsoni unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Phibalura flavirostris unknown  uncommon [units unknown]    Not Recognised 
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Southern Bristle-tyrant Phylloscartes eximius unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet Phylloscartes paulista unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus diops unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Eared Pygmy-tyrant Myiornis auricularis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Russet-winged Spadebill Platyrinchus leucoryphus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bearded Antshrike Biatas nigropectus unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Vulnerable 
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Spinetail Cranioleuca obsoleta unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Canebrake Groundcreeper Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scalloped Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes falcinellus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Creamy-bellied Gnatcatcher Polioptila lactea unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Slaty Thrush Turdus nigriceps unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
White-browed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Euphonia Euphonia chalybea unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Iguaçu National Park 170,036 protected area contained by site 170,036  

References Collar et al. (1992); Parker & Goerck (1997); Saibene et al. (1996); Straube et al. (2004). www2.ibama.gov.br/unidades/parques/reuc/ 17.htm; Koch & Bóçon (1994); Wege & Long (1995); Straube & Urben-Filho (2004).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Parque Nacional do Iguaçu. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife