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Location Spain, Islas Canarias
Central coordinates 17o 49.00' West  28o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 14,800 ha
Altitude 100 - 2,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A large mountainous area in the north-east of La Palma with deep gullies, exposed bedrock, inland cliffs, laurel Laurus forest and agricultural land. There are few villages and roads in the area. Human activities include livestock-farming.

Key Biodiversity One of the most important areas in the Canary Islands for Columba junoniae. The site is also important for other endemic birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus resident  1988  common  C6  Least Concern 
Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon Columba bollii resident  1985  125-150 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A2, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Laurel-pigeon Columba junoniae resident  1985  500-600 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A2, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Plain Swift Apus unicolor resident  1996  present  A2  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  present  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Regulus teneriffae resident  1996  present  A2, B3  Not Recognised 
Berthelot's Pipit Anthus berthelotii resident  1996  common  A2  Least Concern 
Island Canary Serinus canaria resident  1996  present  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 very high favourable low
  Population
-

Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Columba bollii Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon 150 150 individuals 100 favourable
Columba junoniae White-tailed Laurel-pigeon 600 600 individuals 100 favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cumbre Vieja Nature Park 7,500 protected area overlaps with site 600  
El Tablao Protected Landscape 222 protected area contained by site 222  
Guelguen Special Nature Reserve 1,074 protected area overlaps with site 450  
Las Nieves Nature Park 5,094 protected area contained by site 5,094  
Pinar de Garafía Integral Natural Reserve 984 protected area overlaps with site 984  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  26%
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International Partial75 ha of IBA covered by Site of Scientific Interest (Barranco del Agua, 75 ha). 600 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Cumbre Vieja, 7,499 ha). 222 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape (El Tablao, 222 ha). 450 ha of IBA covered by Special Natural Reserve (Guelguén, 1,074 ha). 5,094 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Las Nieves, 5,094 ha). 984 ha of IBA covered by Integral Nature Reserve (Pinar de Garafía, 984 ha). 4,067 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Monte de los Sauces, Punta Llana y Pinar de Garafía, 4,067 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: La Palma laurel forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/09/2015

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