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Location Spain, Islas Canarias
Central coordinates 17o 13.00' West  28o 7.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 3,984 ha
Altitude 700 - 1,487m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description The largest continuous expanse of laurel Laurus forest in the Canary Islands, located in the central area of La Gomera. Other habitats include heath and scrub, and exotic coniferous woodland.

Key Biodiversity The site holds the highest numbers of Columba bollii in the Canary Islands, and is also important for other endemic birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara resident  1993  frequent  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus resident  1993  7-10 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Dark-tailed Laurel-pigeon Columba bollii resident  1993  500 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A2, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
White-tailed Laurel-pigeon Columba junoniae resident  1993  common  A1, A2, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Plain Swift Apus unicolor non-breeding  1993  abundant  A2  Least Concern 
Regulus teneriffae resident  1996  abundant  A2, B3  Not Recognised 
Berthelot's Pipit Anthus berthelotii resident  1993  common  A2  Least Concern 
Island Canary Serinus canaria resident  1993  abundant  A2, B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Garajonay National Park (State Network) 3,984 protected area overlaps with site 3,984  
Garajonay National Park World Heritage Site 3,984 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  26%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 26%
tourism/recreation 26%

Protection status National High International High3,984 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Garajonay, 3,984 ha). 3,984 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Garajonay, 3,984 ha). IBA overlaps with World Heritage Site (Garajonay National Park).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Garajonay National Park. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife