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Location Brazil, Espírito Santo
Central coordinates 41o 0.00' West  20o 27.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 10,000 ha
Altitude 900 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

SAVE Brasil (Affiliate)



Site description O Parque Estadual da Pedra Azul situase aproximadamente a meio caminho entre a Fazenda Pindobas IV (ES04) e as encostas da região de Domingos Martins (ES05). Juntamente com o Parque Estadual de Forno Grande (a sudoeste) e os importantes remanescentes de floresta primária existentes nas propriedades vizinhas, compõe uma das maiores manchas florestais razoavelmente contínuas em todo o sul do Espírito Santo. Fora das áreas oficialmente protegidas, destacam-se por sua extensão a mata inídos Bellon, de aproximadamente 500 ha, e a mata dos Caetés, na Fazenda Monte Verde, que se estende dos 900 aos 1.200 m de altitude e forma um grande bloco florestal entre os Parques Estaduais da Pedra Azul e Forno Grande, com pelo menos 2.000 ha. As principais formações vegetais encontradas na área são a floresta ombrófila densa montana e altomontana (mata de neblina) e os campos de altitude. A mata varia entre 5 e 20 m de altura, sendo rica em epífitas, musgos e líquens. Os campos de altitude estão presentes no topo da Pedra Azul (1.822 m), da Pedra das Flores (1.909 m) e de outras formações rochosas de granito e gnaisse dispersas pela região. Nesses ambientes singulares, é característica a presença de Baccharis sp., Sinningia magnifica e Tibouchina sp. , além de brenhas do bambu Chusquea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus unknown  30 unknown  unknown    Vulnerable 
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail Aramides saracura unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Vinaceous-breasted Amazon Amazona vinacea unknown  30 unknown  unknown    Endangered 
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-backed Parrotlet Touit melanonotus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Golden-tailed Parrotlet Touit surdus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rusty-barred Owl Strix hylophila unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Shrike-like Cotinga Laniisoma elegans unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Phibalura flavirostris unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Not Recognised 
Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullata unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Oustalet's Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus diops unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hangnest Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Eared Pygmy-tyrant Myiornis auricularis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Velvety Black-tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Shear-tailed Grey-tyrant Muscipipra vetula unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Antbird Drymophila genei unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Least Concern 
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Mouse-coloured Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Tapaculo Eleoscytalopus indigoticus unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Such's Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Thornbird Phacellodomus ferrugineigula unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cherry-throated Tanager Nemosia rourei unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Critically Endangered 
Brown Tanager Orchesticus abeillei unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera unknown  30 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Forno Grande State Park 794 protected area contained by site 794  
Pedra Azul State Park 0 protected area contained by site 0  
Pedra Azul State Park 979 protected area contained by site 979  

References Cláudia Bauer e José Fernando Pacheco (Base de dados do workshop Avaliação e Ações Prioritárias para a Conservação dos Biomas Floresta Atlântica e Campos Sulinos); Bauer (1999); Bauer et al. (1997); Ana Cristina Venturini e Pedro Rogerio de Paz (in litt.); Vasconcelos & Pontes Jr. (não publicado); Pacheco & Bauer (1998); J. F. Pacheco (in litt.).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife