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Location Brazil, Espírito Santo
Central coordinates 40o 32.00' West  19o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 14,000 ha
Altitude 380 - 950m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

SAVE Brasil (Affiliate)



Site description Essa área abrange as florestas serranas de Santa Teresa, no centro-sul do Espírito Santo. Cerca de 22,5% do território desse município ainda encontram-se recobertos por matas nativas, destacandose os remanescentes protegidos pela Reserva Biológica Augusto Ruschi (antes R. B. de Nova Lombardia) e pela Estação Biológica de Santa Lúcia, que são interconectados por florestas preservadas em propriedades particulares. Junto aos limites da área existem alguns outros fragmentos florestais privados, especialmente nos arredores do Sítio Rincão do Serafim e no Vale do Canaã. O relevo montanhoso da região é marcado por encostas de média a forte declividade, intercaladas por pequenas várzeas intermontanas. O clima é classificado como tropical superúmido, sendo novembro o mês mais chuvoso e julho o menos úmido. A precipitação pluviométrica é consideravelmente maior em Santa Lúcia (média de 1.868 mm/ano) e Nova Lombardia (1.566 mm/ ano) do que em Santa Teresa (1.360 mm/ ano), devido à maior proximidade em relação à borda do planalto. Florestas montanas úmidas, de altíssima diversidade florística e ricas em epífitas e palmiteiros (Euterpe edulis), constituem a vegetação predominante nas áreas preservadas. Em zonas elevadas, especialmente da vertente voltada para a costa, forma-se um tipo de mata nebular, sujeita a freqüentes chuviscos. Formações herbáceo- arbustivas ocorrem sobre afloramentos rochosos e cumes de montanhas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-winged Wood-quail Odontophorus capueira unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-necked Hawk Buteogallus lacernulatus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Mantled Hawk Pseudastur polionotus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail Aramides saracura unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Purple-winged Ground-dove Claravis geoffroyi unknown  unknown  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Red-browed Amazon Amazona rhodocorytha unknown  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Blue-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-backed Parrotlet Touit melanonotus unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Golden-tailed Parrotlet Touit surdus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Screech-owl Megascops atricapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Least Pygmy-owl Glaucidium minutissimum unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Saw-billed Hermit Ramphodon naevius unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky-throated Hermit Phaethornis squalidus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Minute Hermit Phaethornis idaliae unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrochloris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Trogon surrucura unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Malacoptila striata unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharchus swainsoni unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Wied's Tyrant-manakin Neopelma aurifrons unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Hooded Berryeater Carpornis cucullata unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseocapilla unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Oustalet's Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant Hemitriccus diops unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Hangnest Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Eared Pygmy-tyrant Myiornis auricularis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Russet-winged Spadebill Platyrinchus leucoryphus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Velvety Black-tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Shear-tailed Grey-tyrant Muscipipra vetula unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Plumbeous Antvireo Dysithamnus plumbeus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Salvadori's Antwren Myrmotherula minor unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Serra Antwren Formicivora serrana unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Antbird Drymophila ferruginea unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ochre-rumped Antbird Drymophila ochropyga unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Tapaculo Eleoscytalopus indigoticus unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Such's Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Automolus leucophthalmus unknown  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Dubois's Seedeater Sporophila ardesiaca unknown  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Half-collared Sparrow Arremon semitorquatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cherry-throated Tanager Nemosia rourei unknown  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Critically Endangered 
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Azure-shouldered Tanager Thraupis cyanoptera unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-legged Dacnis Dacnis nigripes unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus unknown  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve 3,573 protected area contained by site 3,573  
Santa Lúcia Biological Station 0 protected area contained by site 0  

References Mendes & Padovan (2000); Willis & Oniki (2002); Simon (2000); BirdLife International (2000); Scott (1997); Bauer et al. (2000); Ana Cristina Venturini e Pedro Rogerio de Paz (in litt.); Parker et al. (1996); Isler & Isler (1987); Collar et al. (1992); Willis (1992); Wege & Long (1995); Whitney & Pacheco (1995); Whitney et al. (1995a); Parker & Goerck (1997); Bauer (1999).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Santa Teresa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife