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Location Brazil, Espírito Santo
Central coordinates 40o 0.00' West  19o 1.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 46,000 ha
Altitude 28 - 65m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

SAVE Brasil (Affiliate)



Site description Situadas no centro-leste do Espírito Santo, ao norte do rio Doce, as reservas de Sooretama e Linhares formam juntas a maior área de floresta natural contínua existente em território capixaba e figuram entre os mais importantes remanescentes de mata de baixada da zona de tabuleiros costeiros entre o sul da Bahia e o norte do Rio de Janeiro (subcentro de endemismo Rio Doce) A vegetação predominante nas reservas é a floresta alta de terra firme ("hiléia baiana"), cujo dossel atinge até 40 m de altura. Em Linhares, essa formação florestal é caracterizada pela alta diversidade florística e grande quantidade de lianas lenhosas, predominando árvores das famílias Leguminosae, Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae, Bignoniaceae, Lauraceae, Hippocrateaceae e Euphorbiaceae. Cerca de 40% das árvores perdem suas folhas durante o inverno devido à estação seca prolongada, de modo que a mata é parcialmente decídua. Outros tipos de vegetação encontrados nas reservas são as florestas de várzea, as mussunungas (matas de menor porte que acompanham cordões de solo arenoso) e as restingas arbustivas. Parte da vegetação já sofreu corte seletivo ou é secundária, especialmente em Sooretama. As reservas são cercadas por pastagens, extensas plantações de eucalipto e áreas de cultivo, principalmente cafezais. O clima da região é quente e úmido, com precipitação anual média de 1.400 mm.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Yellow-legged Tinamou Crypturellus noctivagus 30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Red-billed Curassow Crax blumenbachii resident  160 individuals  unknown  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Spot-winged Wood-quail Odontophorus capueira unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja unknown  10 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis unknown  10 individuals  unknown    Near Threatened 
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail Aramides saracura unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-browed Amazon Amazona rhodocorytha unknown  5,990 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Blue-winged Macaw Primolius maracana unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Blue-bellied Parrot Triclaria malachitacea unknown  present [units unknown]    Near Threatened 
Ochre-marked Parakeet Pyrrhura cruentata unknown  19,000 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Maroon-faced Parakeet Pyrrhura leucotis unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Near Threatened 
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-tailed Parrotlet Touit surdus unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-capped Screech-owl Megascops atricapilla unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Least Pygmy-owl Glaucidium minutissimum unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Hook-billed Hermit Glaucis dohrnii unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Minute Hermit Phaethornis idaliae unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sombre Hummingbird Aphantochroa cirrochloris unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black Jacobin Florisuga fusca unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharchus swainsoni unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Wied's Tyrant-manakin Neopelma aurifrons unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-headed Berryeater Carpornis melanocephala unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Banded Cotinga Cotinga maculata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis unknown  30 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Cinnamon-vented Piha Lipaugus lanioides unknown  90 individuals  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
White-winged Cotinga Xipholena atropurpurea unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Eared Pygmy-tyrant Myiornis auricularis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-lored Tody-flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-hooded Attila Attila rufus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Sooretama Slaty-antshrike Thamnophilus ambiguus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plumbeous Antvireo Dysithamnus plumbeus unknown  common [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Band-tailed Antwren Myrmotherula urosticta unknown  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scalloped Antbird Myrmeciza ruficauda unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Striated Softtail Thripophaga macroura unknown  uncommon [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Scalloped Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes falcinellus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis unknown  rare [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Dubois's Seedeater Sporophila ardesiaca unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata unknown  uncommon [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia unknown  unknown [units unknown]    Least Concern 
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus unknown  unknown [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Linhares State Forest Reserve 22,000 protected area contained by site 22,000  
Sooretama Biological Reserve 24,000 protected area contained by site 24,000  

References Base de dados do workshop Avaliação e Ações Prioritárias para a Conservação dos Biomas Floresta Atlântica e Campos Sulinos; Wege & Long (1995); Peixoto & Gentry (1990); Stotz (1993); Marsden et al. (2000); Parker & Goerck (1997); Paz & Venturini (2003); Gonzaga & Pacheco (1992); BirdLife International (2004); Chiarello (2000); Scott & Brooke (1985); Whitney & Pacheco (1995); Whitney et al. (1995a); Galetti & Stotz (1996); Galetti et al. (1997b); Simão et al. (1997); Whiffin et al. (1999); BirdLife International (2000); Pacheco et al. (2003); Ana Cristina Venturini e Pedro Rogerio de Paz (in litt.).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sooretama / Linhares. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife