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Location Zambia, North Western
Central coordinates 22o 50.00' East  13o 13.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 500 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 1,050m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Zambian Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description A large an extremely rich mushitu just west of the Zambezi river, between Lukolwe and Luzu. Such forests are uncommon in this District and Mbulo is a particularly fine example. It is between 1 and 2 km long and as much as 0.5km wide in places. Much of the sorrounding habitat is thin Miombo, but to the north the mushitu is bordered by a small swampy stream. The Kamunoka plain ilies to the west and this grassland is included in the site.The general area is very sparsely populated and the forest very undisturbed. Further more, some local residents appear to have supertitious fears of the forest.

Key Biodiversity A wide range of mushitu species occur, many on the very edge of their range such as Cinnamon Dove, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Bannerman's Sunbird, Blue-mantled Flycatcher, Grey Apalis and Many-coloured Bush Shrike. Splendind Glossy Starlings occur in very large numbers during the breeding season from about August to November. Woollly-necked Storks appear to be regular and probably nest here as they have been found breeding nearby. Species more typical of forest edge and the sorrounding woodland include Anchieta's Barbet, Scaly-frnted Honeyguide and Little Sotted Wooddpecker. The plain supports many grassland species such as Natal Nightjar, Grimwoods Longclaw, Lesser Black-backed Cisticola and Parastic Weaver.

Non-bird biodiversity: Poorly known, although the flora is likely to have Guineo-Congolian elements. The Hairy bat Myotis welwitschii has been recorded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos A1  Endangered 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus A3  Least Concern 
Bannerman's Sunbird Nectarinia bannermani A3  Least Concern 
Grimwood's Longclaw Macronyx grimwoodi A3  Data Deficient 
Lybius minor A3  Not Recognised 
Anchieta's Barbet Stactolaema anchietae A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2005 medium unfavourable negligible
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Grassland   20%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mbulo Forest. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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