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Location Kazakhstan, South-Kazakhstan region,Zhambyl region
Central coordinates 70o 35.00' East  42o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 131,934 ha
Altitude 1,300 - 4,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity of Kazakhstan (Affiliate)



Site description This is a mountain area on the borders of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The area includes the western part of the Talasskiy Alatau ridge and adjoining parts of the Ugamskiy ridge. Typical landscapes have a relief of deep valleys and canyons, the slopes covered with stands of juniper (both tree- and bush form). On the terraces there are high-grass dry meadows and high-mountain meadows. The highest peaks at the headwaters of the Aksu and Dzhabagly rivers are covered with glaciers and snow fields. This is the most representative area for Western Tien Shan landscapes because during the 70 years that the site has been a Zapovednik its ecosystems have become completely natural.

Key Biodiversity 240 bird species have been recorded here, including 125 breeding species. This represents 89.6% of the number of breeding species of all the Western Tien Shan. In addition to the globally threatened species, there are 9 species from the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan: Ciconia nigra, Falco pelegrinoides, Neophron percnopterus, Gypaetus barbatus, Aquila chrysaetos, Hieraeetus pennatus, Circaetus gallicus, Bubo bubo and Myophonus caeruleus. Population sizes are thought to be low, but not known definitely. 115 species (including protected species such as Falco cherrug, Falco peregrinus, Grus grus and Grus virgo) visit the IBA during migration or in winter, staying for up to 4-5 months.

Non-bird biodiversity: 54 species of mammals, 11 reptiles, 2 amphibians, 2 fishes have been recorded. 2,124 species of invertebrates have been found but their total number is supected to be around 5,500 species (Beskokotov, 1996). The most important mammals are Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia), Menzbir's Marmot (Marmota menzbieri), mountain sheep (Ovis ammon karelini), bear (Ursus arctos isabellinus), all included in the national Red Data Book. There is one rare species of reptiles - Ophisaurus apodus. Of insects, there are many endemics of the Tien Shan and Western Tien Shan. For example, of the 186 species (64 genus) of Carabidae beetles recorded, 114 species (62%) are endemics of Western Tien Shan and Middle Asia. The flora includes 1,679 species, about 10% of them are endemics. About 30 plant species are included in the Red Data Book of Kazakhstan, the most important being Prenanthes mira, Tulipa dubia, Thesium minkwitzianum, Malus nezdwetzkiana, Sesli setiferum, Scutellaria flabellaria, Ugamia angrenica and Dryopteris mindshelkensis (Ivaschenko, 1996).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis resident  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  common  A1  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus passage  2004  uncommon  A1  Near Threatened 
Great Bustard Otis tarda passage  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax unknown  2004  rare  A1  Near Threatened 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  2004  uncommon  A1  Least Concern 
Yellow-eyed Pigeon Columba eversmanni unknown  2004  rare  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus resident  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Azure Tit Parus cyanus resident  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Dark-grey Tit Parus rufonuchalis resident  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Lark Calandrella acutirostris breeding  2005-2006  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-bellied Warbler Phylloscopus griseolus breeding  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Hume's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus humei breeding  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Rock-nuthatch Sitta tephronota resident  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria resident  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Treecreeper Certhia himalayana resident  2004  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis breeding  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  2004  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-capped Redstart Phoenicurus caeruleocephala breeding  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Redstart Phoenicurus erythrogastrus breeding  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis breeding  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris breeding  2004  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-streaked Accentor Prunella himalayana breeding  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Accentor Prunella fulvescens breeding  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta breeding  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Fire-fronted Serin Serinus pusillus breeding  2005-2006  common  A3  Least Concern 
Plain Mountain-finch Leucosticte nemoricola resident  2004  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Mountain-finch Leucosticte brandti resident  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Rhodopechys sanguineus breeding  2004  uncommon  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-mantled Rosefinch Carpodacus rhodochlamys resident  2004  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
White-winged Grosbeak Mycerobas carnipes resident  2004  common  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-breasted Bunting Emberiza stewarti breeding  2005  common  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani breeding  2004  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve 75,094 is identical to site 75,094  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   27%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  6%
Shrubland   25%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  33%
Other   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation minor
Notes: There is regulated recreation, including birdwatching etc., without specially designated areas.
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status The IBA is identical to the Aksu-Dzhabagly Zapovednik (Nature Reserve).

References Beskokotov, Y.A. (1996) Cadastre of insects of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly. Proceedings of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly, issue 7. Almaty: 103-194. (in Russian). Gavrilov, E.I., and Gistzov, A.P. (1985) Seasonal migrations of birds at foothills of Western Tien Shan Alma-Ata. (in Russian). Gubin, B.M. (1976) Passage of birds in Talasskyi Alatau (Western Tien Shan). Migration of birds in Asia. Alma-Ata: 49-69. (in Russian). Gubin, B.M. (1989) Additions to ornithofauna of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly. Ecological aspects of study, use and protection of birds in mountain ecosystems. Frunze: 23-25. (in Russian). Gubin, B.M. (1989) About new and rare-breeding birds in Talasskyi Alatau (Western Tien Shan). Ecological aspects of study, use and protection of birds in mountain ecosystems. Frunze: 25-27. (in Russian). Ivaschenko, A.A. (1996) About representation of flora and vegetation of Aksu-Dzhabagly for Western Tien Shan. Proceedings of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly, issue 7. Almaty: 50-61. (in Russian). Ivaschenko, A.A. and Chalikova, E.S. (1991) About death of juniper forest in Chuuldak gorge due to chemical pollution. Pers. comm. Kovshar, A.F. (1964) The birds of high-mountains of western part of Talasskyi Alatau (Tien Shan). Game birds of Kazakhstan. (Proceedings of Institute of Zoology, vol. 24). Alma-Ata: 121-141. (in Russian). Kovshar, A.F. (1966) The birds of Talasskyi Alatau. Alma-Ata. (in Russian). Kovshar, A.F. (1996) About anthropogenic influence on nature complexes of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly (by pages of Chronicle of Nature). Proceedings of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly, issue 7. Almaty: 32-49. (in Russian). Kovshar, A.F. and Ivaschenko, A.A. (1982) Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly. Alma-Ata. (in Russian). Kovshar, A.F. and Chalikova, E.S. (1992) Multi-years changing of fauna and population of birds of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly. Ornithological research in zapovedniks. Problems of protected areas. Moscow: 28-44. (in Russian). Kovshar, A.F. and Yanushko, P.A. (1965) New data on mammals of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly. Proceedings of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly, issue 2. Alma-Ata: 203-236. (in Russian). Kolbintzev, V.G. (1990) The role of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly in conservation of genetic foundation of rare vertebrate animals. Zapovedniks of USSR, their present and future. Novgorod. Part 3: 254-256. (in Russian). Kolbintzev, V.G. (1995). New finding of Bar-tailed Tree-creeper in south Kazakhstan. Selevinia, 3: 44. (in Russian). Kolbintzev, V.G. (1999) About fauna of birds of western part of Talasskyi Alatau (Southern Kazakhstan). Problems of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity of wildlife of Kazakhstan. Almaty: 73-74. (in Russian). Red Data Book of Kazakhstan (1996). Ed.3. Vol.1. Animals. Eds. A.Kovshar. Almaty. (in Russian with English summaries). Red Data Book of Kazakh SSR (1981). Part 2. Plants. Eds. B.Bykov. Alma-Ata. (in Russian). Monitoring of biological diversity of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly (2002) Tethys Biodiversity Research. Vol. 1. Eds. A.Kovshar. Almaty: 1-183. Nekhaenko, G.N. and Chalikova, E.S. (1996) Dynamics of territory and forest found in Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly. Proceedings of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly, issue 7. Almaty: 18-31. (in Russian). Chalikova, E.S. (1989) About summer population of birds of juniper forests of Talasskyi Alatau. Ecological aspects of study, use and protection of birds in mountain ecosystems. Frunze: 103. (in Russian). Chupakhin, V.M. (1964) Physical geography of Tien Shan. Alma-Ata. (in Russian). Shevchenko, V.V. (1948) The birds of State Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly. Proceedings of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly, issue 1. Alma-Ata: 36-70. (in Russian). Shulpin, L.M. (1948) Materials on mammals and reptiles of Talasskyi Alatau. Bulletin of AS of KazSSR, series zool., issue 7. (in Russian). Shulpin, L.M. (1953) Materials on fauna of birds of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly (Talasskyi Alatau). Proceedings of Institute of Zoology of AS of KazSSR, vol.2: 53-79. (in Russian). Shulpin, L.M. (1956) Materials on fauna of birds of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly (Talasskyi Alatau). Proceedings of Institute of Zoology of AS of KazSSR, vol.6: 158-193. (in Russian). Shulpin, L.M. (1961) Materials on fauna of birds of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly (Talasskyi Alatau). Proceedings of Institute of Zoology of AS of KazSSR, vol. 15: 147-160. (in Russian). Shulpin, L.M. (1965) Materials on fauna of birds of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly (Talasskyi Alatau). Proceedings of Zapovednik Aksu-Dzhabagly, issue 2: 160-200. (in Russian).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014

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