|Location||Kazakhstan, South-Kazakhstan region|
|Central coordinates||68o 11.00' East 41o 10.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||270 - 318m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The reservoir is situated in the most southern part of Kazakhstan, at the Syr-Darya river, 170 km from the regional centre, Shymkent city. The reservoir was created after dam construction. The northern bank is hilly, with ravines and clay soils (used mainly as a grazing area), the southern bank is flat, with sandy soils (agriculture area for cotton, corn etc.). The area is one of most populated regions of South Kazakhstan and is heavily used for agriculture. Water from the Chardara Reservoir is widely used for agriculture. There are intensive fisheries here, and (in autumn-winter) hunting. There are some resorts (hotels, camp sites). At the dam, there is a hydro-electric power-station. The reservoir is a place of mass wintering of tens of thousands of waterbirds.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greylag Goose Anser anser||winter||2003||500-50,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||winter||2003||1,000-50,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Teal Anas crecca||winter||2003||1,000-30,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||winter||2003||1,000-20,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Smew Mergellus albellus||winter||2003||100-3,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Goosander Mergus merganser||winter||2003||50-2,000 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2003||50-1,000 individuals||good||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus||winter||2003||20-500 individuals||good||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||2003||20,000 individuals||-||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Fens, transition mires & springs; Rivers & streams; Standing fresh water; Water-fringe vegetation||90%|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved reseeded grasslands; Perennial crops, orchards & groves; Ruderal land||10%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity About 20 species of fish, including Carassius auratus, Cyprinus carpio, Hypophtalmichtus molitrix, Ctenopharingodon ideilla, Ophiocephalus argus have been recorded. Mammals include Ondatra zibethica and Arvicola terrestris (aquatic)and Canis lupus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Vulpes corsac, Meles meles and Lepus tolai (terrestrial).
References Auezov, E.M. and Bikbulatov, M.N. (1972). [Wintering of waterfowl at Chardara reservoir in 1969]. Resources of waterfowl game in USSR, their use and protection. Moscow: 185-187. (In Russian).Yerokhov, S.N. and Belyalov, O.V. (2004). [Observation on wintering of birds at Chardara reservoir in December 2003]. Kazakhstan Ornithological Bulletin 2003: 38-40. (in Russian).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chardara Reservoir. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2014
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