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Location Antigua and Barbuda, Antigua
Central coordinates 61o 46.92' West  17o 7.15' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A4i
Area 730 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Fitches Creek Bay – Parham Harbour IBA is in north-east Antigua. They represent two large bays between Barnacle Point (and the VC Bird International Airport) to the north and Old Fort Point at the elbow of Crabb’s Peninsula to the south. The bays are separated by Blackman’s Point, and support an almost unbroken stretch of mangroves. At Fitches Creek Bay a deep, mangrove lined channel extends 1.5 km inland, and mangroves fringe the coast for c.1 km. Parham Harbour supports two broad areas on either side of the town. The western section consists of Vernon's Island and Byam’s Wharf; the eastern section starts east of Parham town and follows the coast to Old Fort Point on Crabb’s Peninsula. South and west of Vernon's Island is a salina and salt pond, and in the area east of Parham town are three small mangrove creeks, a salina and salt marsh.

Key Biodiversity This IBA is significant for supporting populations of four (of Antigua’s 11) Lesser Antilles EBA restricted-range birds, but primarily this is a wetland site with good numbers of egrets, herons, and wintering shorebirds. Up to 500 Laughing Gulls Larus atricilla have been reported (a globally significant number), and the Vulnerable West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea is known to occur.

Non-bird biodiversity: Nothing recorded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea resident  2008  71 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla resident  2007  500 individuals  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2007  60 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Water-fringe vegetation  -
Forest Mangrove  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -

Acknowledgements Authors Joseph Prosper, Victor Joseph, Andrea Otto, Shanee Prosper (Environmental Awareness Group)

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Bacon, PR., (1991);Bunce, L., (1993);Caribbean Conservation Association. (1991);Lindsay, k. and Horwith, B. (1997);MacPherson, J. (1973);Martin-Kaye, P., (1969);Martin-Kaye, P., (1959);Pregill, GKD et al.(1994);Raffaele, H., et al. (1998); Spencer, W (1981)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Fitches Creek Bay. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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