|Location||Antigua and Barbuda, Barbuda|
|Central coordinates||61o 50.00' West 17o 36.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4i, A4ii|
|Altitude||0 - 7m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Codrington Lagoon and Creek IBA is on the north-western side of Barbuda. It is a large (c.12 km long and 2 km wide),almost enclosed salt-water lagoon that is bordered by mangroves and sand ridges. The best developed mangroves border the lagoon along the eastern and north-western sides, and also along Codrington Creek which connects the lagoon to the sea in the north. Dry scrub vegetation borders the lagoon on the north-east side.
Key Biodiversity This IBA supports the largest breeding colony of Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens in the Caribbean, estimated at 1,743 nests and 5,300 birds in March 2008. A significant population (c.200) of Vulnerable West Indian Whistling-ducks Dendrocygna arborea occurs in the lagoon, as do four (of Antigua and Barbuda’s 11) Lesser Antilles EBA restrictedrange birds. The Near Threatened endemic Barbuda Warbler Dendroica subita occurs and the presence of up to 1,000 Laughing Gulls Larus atricilla is globally significant.
Non-bird biodiversity: This is a major nesting site for the Critically Endangered leatherback Dermochelys coriacea and hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricata turtles. The lagoon is also of considerable importance as a major breeding ground for (economically important) fish and lobster.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea||resident||2007||200 individuals||poor||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens||resident||2008||5,000 individuals||poor||A4ii||Least Concern|
|Laughing Gull Larus atricilla||resident||2007||1,000 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Barbuda Warbler Dendroica subita||resident||2007||30 individuals||poor||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Codrington Lagoon||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||3,600||protected area contained by site||3,600|
|Codrington Lagoon||Wildlife Reserve||3,550||protected area contained by site||3,550|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: The lagoon is also of considerable importance as a major breeding ground for (economically important) fish and lobster.|
Acknowledgements Authors: Joseph Prosper, Victor Joseph, Andrea Otto, Shanee Prosper (Environmental Awareness Group)
References Bacon, PR., (1991);Bunce, L., (1993);Caribbean Conservation Association. (1991);Lindsay, k. and Horwith, B. (1997);MacPherson, J. (1973);Martin-Kaye, P., (1969);Martin-Kaye, P., (1959);Pregill, GKD et al.(1994);Raffaele, H., et al. (1998); Spencer, W (1981)
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Codrington Lagoon and the Creek. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014
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