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Location St Vincent and the Grenadines, Mainland St Vincent
Central coordinates 61o 9.65' West  13o 8.93' North
IBA criteria A2
Area 41 ha
Altitude 122 - 183m
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Site description King’s Hill is the oldest Forest Reserve in St. Vincent and the second oldest in the Western Hemisphere. It was established in 1791 to ‘attract the clouds and rain’ and thus provide rain for surrounding areas that were otherwise dry and windswept. The natural vegetation of the area is Dry Woodland forest and soils are generally light and sandy. The site also contains the oldest remaining sample plot established by J. S. Beard in1949 (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). Due to its age and historical significance, the site is often used by the Forestry Department for research, school tours and dendrology training. However, use of the site is restricted and legally requires the permission of the Director of the Forestry Department.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
King's Hill Wildlife Reserve 0 is identical to site 21  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove; Tropical deciduous  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity The endemic lizards A. griseus and A. vincentiana are found, along with endemic sub-species M. bruesi. It is possible that species endemic flora may also be present.

Protection status King's Hill is the oldest Forest Reserve in St. Vincent and the second oldest in the Western Hemisphere. It was established in 1791 to 'attract the clouds and rain' and thus provide rain for surrounding areas that were otherwise dry and windswept

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004; Simmons and Associates, Inc. 2000

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: King's Hill Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife