|Location||St Vincent and the Grenadines, Mainland St Vincent|
|Central coordinates||61o 9.65' West 13o 8.93' North|
|Altitude||122 - 183m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Ornithological information Six (6) RRS and no Globally-threatened species are found. Other notable species found in the area include the Black Hawk and Scaly-naped Pigeon.
Site description King’s Hill is the oldest Forest Reserve in St. Vincent and the second oldest in the Western Hemisphere. It was established in 1791 to ‘attract the clouds and rain’ and thus provide rain for surrounding areas that were otherwise dry and windswept. The natural vegetation of the area is Dry Woodland forest and soils are generally light and sandy. The site also contains the oldest remaining sample plot established by J. S. Beard in1949 (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). Due to its age and historical significance, the site is often used by the Forestry Department for research, school tours and dendrology training. However, use of the site is restricted and legally requires the permission of the Director of the Forestry Department.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|King's Hill||Wildlife Reserve||0||is identical to site||21|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity The endemic lizards A. griseus and A. vincentiana are found, along with endemic sub-species M. bruesi. It is possible that species endemic flora may also be present.
Management considerations The Reserve is located near the highway and thus is easily accessible to residents and tourists. Human pressure on the site will continue to be a concern. Illegal hunting of the iguana, agouti and opossum is a major issue within this Reserve. All species are protected year-round within this site, however wild yams and other plant material are also harvested from this Reserve and this threatens the integrity of the ecosystem. It is possible that domesticated animals (cats, dogs, chickens and small ruminants) use this Reserve. Finally, the accumulation of debris during the dry season creates a possible fire hazard.
Protection status King's Hill is the oldest Forest Reserve in St. Vincent and the second oldest in the Western Hemisphere. It was established in 1791 to 'attract the clouds and rain' and thus provide rain for surrounding areas that were otherwise dry and windswept
References Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004; Simmons and Associates, Inc. 2000
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: King's Hill Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2013
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