|Location||St Vincent and the Grenadines, Mainland St Vincent|
|Central coordinates||61o 9.65' West 13o 8.93' North|
|Altitude||122 - 183m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Site description King’s Hill is the oldest Forest Reserve in St. Vincent and the second oldest in the Western Hemisphere. It was established in 1791 to ‘attract the clouds and rain’ and thus provide rain for surrounding areas that were otherwise dry and windswept. The natural vegetation of the area is Dry Woodland forest and soils are generally light and sandy. The site also contains the oldest remaining sample plot established by J. S. Beard in1949 (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). Due to its age and historical significance, the site is often used by the Forestry Department for research, school tours and dendrology training. However, use of the site is restricted and legally requires the permission of the Director of the Forestry Department.
Key Biodiversity Six (6) RRS and no Globally-threatened species are found. Other notable species found in the area include the Black Hawk and Scaly-naped Pigeon.
Non-bird biodiversity: The endemic lizards A. griseus and A. vincentiana are found, along with endemic sub-species M. bruesi. It is possible that species endemic flora may also be present.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Loxigilla noctis||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Not Recognised|
|Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|King's Hill||Wildlife Reserve||0||is identical to site||21|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Mangrove; Tropical deciduous||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Protection status King's Hill is the oldest Forest Reserve in St. Vincent and the second oldest in the Western Hemisphere. It was established in 1791 to 'attract the clouds and rain' and thus provide rain for surrounding areas that were otherwise dry and windswept
References Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004; Simmons and Associates, Inc. 2000
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: King's Hill Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/07/2016
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