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Location St Vincent and the Grenadines, Mainland St Vincent
Central coordinates 61o 13.70' West  13o 9.65' North
IBA criteria A2
Area 10 ha
Altitude 61 - 76m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Site description The Botanic Gardens are the oldest in the western hemisphere and were established in 1765 as an outstation of the Kew Gardens in London. Initially, it was set aside to propagate valuable exotic plants from the East. Today, the Botanic Gardens (20 acres/8 ha) and Government House grounds (residence of the Governor General) form a total protected land area of 45 acres (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). Both sites currently have historic importance, and form major tourist attractions. The Nicholls Wildlife Complex, a breeding aviary initiated in for the St. Vincent Parrot in 1988, lies within this Reserve.

Key Biodiversity The site lies as the foot of Mount St. Andrew, the island’s highest southern peak and therefore supports several species that may otherwise be found in the rainforest. For example, RRS the Purple-throated Carib, which is usually found at higher elevations on St. Vincent, is recorded here. Thirty-six (36) St. Vincent Parrots are currently housed at the Aviary, with an average of two (2) chicks being produced annually (C. Thomas, pers. comm.). The site supports several breeding Black Hawks Buteogallus anthracinus and the regionally-endemic (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004) Scaly-naped Pigeon is common.

Non-bird biodiversity: The endemic lizard Anolis griseus occurs here. There is also a small population of the regionally-endemic snake M. bruesi .

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Botanic Gardens Other Area 0 is identical to site 10  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Second-growth or disturbed scrub  -
Forest   -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
other -
Notes: Botanical Gardens and st Vincent Parrot aviary
agriculture -

Protection status Existing Bird Sanctuary and Wildlife Reserve. Proposed Landmark (under ths SPAHS)

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004;Department of Tourism, 2006

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Botanic Gardens Natural Landmark. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife