|Location||St Vincent and the Grenadines, Mainland St Vincent|
|Central coordinates||61o 11.90' West 13o 14.34' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||25 - 913m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Site description The Cumberland Forest Reserve encompasses three main forest types (Rainforest, Montane and plantation forest) in its higher elevations, and two (Secondary and Coastal Scrub forest) in the lower regions. The Reserve contains portions of the last remaining stand of primary forests in SVG (C. Richards, pers. comm.).
Key Biodiversity This Reserve is very rich in bird life with over thirty-one (31) species of birds recorded (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). The diversity of habitat allows for all thirteen (13) of the island’s RRS and two (2) Globally-threatened species to be represented. Other regionally-endemic species (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004) including Short-tailed Swift and Scaly-naped Pigeon exist. The Reserve is a stronghold for the St. Vincent Parrot, which numbers around 175 individuals (Forestry Department, 2004) and may be observed foraging within valleys and near farmlands. Parrots also move between mountain peaks surrounding those valleys.
Non-bird biodiversity: Species of endemic flora include B. rotundifolia, P. cuneata and P. vincentiana, E. vincentinum and C. tenera . The endemic E. shrevei and C. vincenti , and endemic sub-species M. bruesi also reside in the Reserve. A. griseus and A. trinitatus are also present. A. griseus appears most common near coastal areas.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|St Vincent Amazon Amazona guildingii||resident||2004||175 individuals||medium||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Whistling Warbler Catharopeza bishopi||resident||2006||unknown||-||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Loxigilla noctis||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Not Recognised|
|Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica||resident||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Cumberland||Forest Reserve||0||is identical to site||1,020|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Shrubland||Second-growth or disturbed scrub||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Cumberland Forest Reserve is an important source of hydroelectric power, producing approximately 234 million gallons (13.2%) of water annually|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Protection status Existing Forest Reserve and part of the proposed Central Forest reserve (SPAHS).
References Forestry Department. 2004;Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Cumberland Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/06/2016
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