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Location St Vincent and the Grenadines, Mainland St Vincent
Central coordinates 61o 11.90' West  13o 14.34' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 1,020 ha
Altitude 25 - 913m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Site description The Cumberland Forest Reserve encompasses three main forest types (Rainforest, Montane and plantation forest) in its higher elevations, and two (Secondary and Coastal Scrub forest) in the lower regions. The Reserve contains portions of the last remaining stand of primary forests in SVG (C. Richards, pers. comm.).

Key Biodiversity This Reserve is very rich in bird life with over thirty-one (31) species of birds recorded (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). The diversity of habitat allows for all thirteen (13) of the island’s RRS and two (2) Globally-threatened species to be represented. Other regionally-endemic species (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004) including Short-tailed Swift and Scaly-naped Pigeon exist. The Reserve is a stronghold for the St. Vincent Parrot, which numbers around 175 individuals (Forestry Department, 2004) and may be observed foraging within valleys and near farmlands. Parrots also move between mountain peaks surrounding those valleys.

Non-bird biodiversity: Species of endemic flora include B. rotundifolia, P. cuneata and P. vincentiana, E. vincentinum and C. tenera . The endemic E. shrevei and C. vincenti , and endemic sub-species M. bruesi also reside in the Reserve. A. griseus and A. trinitatus are also present. A. griseus appears most common near coastal areas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
St Vincent Amazon Amazona guildingii resident  2004  175 individuals  medium  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Whistling Warbler Catharopeza bishopi resident  2006  unknown  A1, A2  Endangered 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cumberland Forest Reserve 0 is identical to site 1,020  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Elfin forest  -
Shrubland Second-growth or disturbed scrub  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
water management -
Notes: Cumberland Forest Reserve is an important source of hydroelectric power, producing approximately 234 million gallons (13.2%) of water annually
nature conservation and research -
rangeland/pastureland -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status Existing Forest Reserve and part of the proposed Central Forest reserve (SPAHS).

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Forestry Department. 2004;Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Cumberland Forest Reserve. Downloaded from on 29/10/2016

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