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Location St Vincent and the Grenadines, Mainland St Vincent
Central coordinates 61o 10.90' West  13o 16.74' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 3,022 ha
Altitude 9 - 1,077m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Site description Richmond, the second largest IBA, lies just south of La Soufrière Reserve and west of Mount Pleasant Reserve, and is found within a major hydropower catchment. Its rugged terrain supports several of the country’s rivers and waterfalls of recreational importance, and boasts spectacular mountain sceneries overlooking the Caribbean Sea. In its higher elevations, it contains a mixture of Rainforest and Montane forest. Here the river area receives in excess of 250 inches (6,350 mm) annually, and at its waterfalls between 120 (3,048 mm) and 160 inches (4,064 mm) per year (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). Secondary and Dry Scrub forests are found in the lower elevations. The island’s second highest peak, Richmond (3,533 ft/1,077 m), is also found in this Reserve.

Key Biodiversity All eleven of the island’s RRS are found in this Reserve. In the past, the St. Vincent Parrot population has declined due to deforestation particularly for marijuana C. sativa cultivation (AvianEyes, 2003). Forty-three individuals are estimated to reside in this Reserve (Forestry Department, 2004). Though all three species of hummingbirds are found, the rarest, the Purple-throated Carib is more commonly found at the higher elevations. The other two species can be found distributed throughout the Reserve. The RRS Brown Trembler, Scaly-breasted Thrasher, Rufous-throated Solitaire and Lesser Antillean Euphonia are confined to the higher elevations, primarily above 1000 ft (305 m).

Non-bird biodiversity: Several species of endemic flora are found including Begonia rotundifolia, the epiphytic Peperomia cuneata and P. vincentiana, forest orchid Epidendrum vincentinum and Giant Fern Cyathea tenera . The endemic E. shrevei and C. vincenti , and endemic sub-species M. bruesi also reside in the Reserve.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
St Vincent Amazon Amazona guildingii resident  2004  43 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Whistling Warbler Catharopeza bishopi resident  2006  unknown  A1, A2  Endangered 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland Second-growth or disturbed scrub  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
water management -
Notes: Hydropower catchment
other -
Notes: marijuana cultivation (Cannabis sativa)

Protection status Proposed Forest reserve (under the SPAHS) and part of the proposed Central Forest Reserve (SPAHS)

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References AvianEyes. 2003.;Forestry Department. 2004;Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Richmond Forest Reserve. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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