|Location||St Vincent and the Grenadines, Mainland St Vincent|
|Central coordinates||61o 10.90' West 13o 16.74' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||9 - 1,077m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Ornithological information All eleven of the island’s RRS are found in this Reserve. In the past, the St. Vincent Parrot population has declined due to deforestation particularly for marijuana C. sativa cultivation (AvianEyes, 2003). Forty-three individuals are estimated to reside in this Reserve (Forestry Department, 2004). Though all three species of hummingbirds are found, the rarest, the Purple-throated Carib is more commonly found at the higher elevations. The other two species can be found distributed throughout the Reserve. The RRS Brown Trembler, Scaly-breasted Thrasher, Rufous-throated Solitaire and Lesser Antillean Euphonia are confined to the higher elevations, primarily above 1000 ft (305 m).
Site description Richmond, the second largest IBA, lies just south of La Soufrière Reserve and west of Mount Pleasant Reserve, and is found within a major hydropower catchment. Its rugged terrain supports several of the country’s rivers and waterfalls of recreational importance, and boasts spectacular mountain sceneries overlooking the Caribbean Sea. In its higher elevations, it contains a mixture of Rainforest and Montane forest. Here the river area receives in excess of 250 inches (6,350 mm) annually, and at its waterfalls between 120 (3,048 mm) and 160 inches (4,064 mm) per year (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004). Secondary and Dry Scrub forests are found in the lower elevations. The island’s second highest peak, Richmond (3,533 ft/1,077 m), is also found in this Reserve.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|St Vincent Amazon Amazona guildingii||resident||2004||43 individuals||poor||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Rufous-throated Solitaire Myadestes genibarbis||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Whistling Warbler Catharopeza bishopi||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Endangered|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Richmond||Forest Reserve||0||is identical to site||3,022|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Shrubland||Second-growth or disturbed scrub||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Hydropower catchment|
|Notes: marijuana cultivation (Cannabis sativa)|
Other biodiversity Several species of endemic flora are found including Begonia rotundifolia, the epiphytic Peperomia cuneata and P. vincentiana, forest orchid Epidendrum vincentinum and Giant Fern Cyathea tenera . The endemic E. shrevei and C. vincenti , and endemic sub-species M. bruesi also reside in the Reserve.
Management considerations Several concerns exist within this site. Deforestation activities associated with illegal marijuana C. sativa cultivation have been responsible for significant loss of forest habitat (Koester, 2000; AvianEyes, 2003). This habitat loss has caused increased rates of soil erosion and, combined with heavy rains and steep terrain, has exacerbated the area’s susceptibility to landslides. Additionally, illegal hunting of the opossum, agouti and armadillo occurs.
Protection status Proposed Forest reserve (under the SPAHS) and part of the proposed Central Forest Reserve (SPAHS)
References AvianEyes. 2003.;Forestry Department. 2004;Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Richmond Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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