|Location||St Vincent and the Grenadines, The Grenadines|
|Central coordinates||61o 11.32' West 12o 53.02' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2008|
Site description The Ashton wetland, the largest in SVG, is part of Ashton Harbour on Union Island. It is located at the island’s south (Figure 12). Associated with these mangroves (Plate 3) were seagrass beds rich in lobster and conch, coral reefs comprised of fringing, patch, and barrier reef types, and an offshore island (Frigate) that was an important bird habitat (Price and Price, 1994a). The Ashton Harbour is a Conservation Area under The Fisheries Act of 1986. Despite official designation as a PA, and an environmental impact assessment that showed development would be devastating for reefs, seagrass beds and fishery, a 300-boat marina project began at the lagoon (Price and Price, 1994b), and experienced the anticipated results. The site now lies abandoned (Plate 4). In terms of vegetation, four species of mangroves (Avicennia germinans, Rhizophora mangle, Languncularia racemosa and Conocarpus erectus) can be found in this 61.78-acre (25-hectare) (Ivor Jackson and Associates, 2004) stand, although A. germinans (48 /19.43 ha) and R. mangle (2 /0.81 ha) dominate (Simmons and Associates, Inc., 2000). Rainfall on the island is greatest during the months July to November, with a 26-year average ranging between 4 and 6 inches (106.0 and 148.2 mm) (Daudin, 2000). During the drier months, December to May, this annual average falls to between 1 and 3 inches (26.2 and 83.4 mm) (Daudin, 2000). Droughts are a regular phenomenon that is worsened by poor distribution of rainfall. Thus potable water is purchased and also obtained by collecting and storing rainwater. Hurricanes, though not very regular, can have devastating effects. In 1955, hurricane Janet caused significant damage on the island, which took almost five years to recover thereafter (Daudin, 2000).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Antillean Swift Chaetura martinica||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Though abundance and distribution are unknown, a population of the regionally endemic Congo snake M. bruesi occurs on the island. Some variation exists between the colouration of Congo snakes on the mainland and in the Grenadines, with the latter tending towards a redder hue. The recently discovered (2005) endemic gecko Gonatodes daudini occurs on this island. Its range thus far appears to be restricted to Union Island.
References Daudin, J. 2000;Ivor Jackson and Associates. 2004;Price, W. S. and Price, P. G. 1994a;Price, W. S. and Price, P. G. 1994b;Simmons and Associates, Inc. 2000
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ashton Wetland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014
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