|Location||Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands), Sint Eustatius|
|Central coordinates||62o 57.66' West 17o 28.74' North|
|Altitude||250 - 601m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The Quill is the highest point on St. Eustatius (601 m) and forms the southeast part of the island. There is no human settlement above 250 meters elevation, which is designated as the Quill National Park. The park includes the vegetated caldera within this volcanic mountain. Goats are sometimes found grazing in the area, despite regulations against such activity.
Key Biodiversity Limited-range species which occur at the Quill include Bridled Quail Dove Geotrygon mystacea, Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis, Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, BrownTrembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda pavida, Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus, and Lesser Atillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis. One Scaly-breasted Thrasher was observed at the Quill in 2003, the last recorded sighting being in 1927. Breeding needs to be confirmed for this species. There is little data on migrant birds which use the Quill, but it would not be expected to be a significant overwintering or stopover area due to its small area.
Non-bird biodiversity: The restricted-range species Antillean Iguana Iguana delicatissima and Red-bellied Racer Alsophis rufiventris and the endemic Statia Morning Glory Ipomoea sphenophylla are present within the Quill Park
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bridled Quail-dove Geotrygon mystacea||resident||2003||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis||resident||2003||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2003||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2003||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2003||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2003||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda||resident||2003||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Loxigilla noctis||resident||2003||unknown||-||A2||Not Recognised|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sint Eustatius Quill National Park||National Park||0||is identical to site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Shrubland||Second-growth or disturbed scrub||-|
|Forest||Elfin forest; Tropical semi-evergreen forest||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Grazing Goats|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Protection status The proposed IBA is comprised of the Quill National Park, a protected area from 250 meters elevation to the summit and caldera of the Quill.
References Collier N.C. and A.C. Brown. 2003; Hoogerwerf, A. 1977; Raffaele, H., J. Wiley, O. Garrido, A. Keith, and J. Raffaele. 1998; Rojer, A. 1997b; Stuffers, A.L. 1956; Voous, K. H. 1955; Voous, K. H. 1983
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: The Quill, Sint Eustatius. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2016
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