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Location St Martin (to France)
Central coordinates 62o 58.50' West  18o 7.16' North
IBA criteria A2, A4ii, B4i
Area 665 ha
Altitude 0 - 30m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Tintamarre Island, also known as Flat Island, is located 3 kilometers from St. Martin and is approximately 100 hectares in size.

Key Biodiversity Red-billed Tropicbirds nest in the cliffs on the western coast. A thorough survey of all accessible crevices (48 nests) and an estimate for inaccessible areas resulted in a conservative estimate of 60 nests. Two Audubon Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri nests with eggs and adults were found. This population is likely limited by the presence of rats. Shearwaters may nest in greater numbers in inaccessible cliff faces. A nocturnal call-playback survey was unsuccessful in attracting any visuals or audible calls. Birds which breed in the summer are primarily on the eastern side of the island. Species found during a survey in June 2004 included Roseate Terns Sterna dougallii (20 nests), Brown Noddy Anous stolidus (140 nests), and Bridled Tern Sterna anaethetus (7 nests). In addition, eleven American Oystercatchers Haematopus palliatus were present and vocalizing alarm calls, indicating possible breeding.Other regionally limited species found at this site include Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus, and Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis.

Non-bird biodiversity: Tintamarre's beaches are sea turtle nesting grounds. The following species have been found around Tintamarre: Hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricata, Leatherback Dermochelys coriacea, Loggerhead Caretta caretta, Kemp's Ridley Lapidochelys kempii, Green Chelonia mydas, Olive Ridley Lepidochelys olivacea. It is not clear which species are found nesting. The Lesser Antillean Iguana Iguana delicatissima is found on Tintamarre as well. The IUCN lists this species as Critical on St. Martin.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus breeding  2003  60 nests  medium  A4ii  Least Concern 
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus breeding  2004  140 nests  medium  B4i  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2007  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
St. Martin's Reserve Naturelle Marine Park 3,060 protected area contains site 100  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   -
Shrubland Second-growth or disturbed scrub  -
Coastline   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Snorkling and yacht anchoring in the beach in the south part.
rangeland/pastureland -
Notes: Grazzing of goats

Protection status The coastline of Tintamarre Island is part of the Reserve Naturelle St. Martin and extends to 300 meters inland. The interior of the island is privately owned. Activities prohibited inside the reserve include wildlife disturbance, plant collection, mining, fishing, jet skiing, and littering.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References BREUIL, MICHAEL 2002;COLLIER, N.C. and A.C. BROWN 2001-2006; DANFORTH, S. T. 1930; HALEWYN, R. VAN, AND R. L. NORTON. 1984; HOOGERWERF, A. 1977; ROJER, A. 1997; VOOUS, K. H. 1954; VOOUS, K. H. 1955a; VOOUS, K. H. 1955b; VOOUS, K. H. 1983; VOOUS, K. H. AND H. J. KOELERS. 1967

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tintamarre. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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