|Location||Sint Maarten (to Netherlands), Sint Maarten|
|Central coordinates||63o 2.37' West 18o 0.73' North|
|IBA criteria||A2, B4i|
|Altitude||0 - 20m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The site is a peninsula of land approximately 2.5 kilometers long. Fort Amsterdam is a registered historical site, composed of several ruins. The pelican breeding colony is located on the west side of the point, on a slope below the fort. Vegetation is characterized by thorny scrub, composed mainly of Acacia macracantha and A. tortuosa, reaching over 2 m in height. The colony was on the western side of the point, below the fort. A smaller group of about 10 pelicans has also nested on the eastern side of Fort Amsterdam.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis||breeding||2001-2006||60 nests||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2007||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2006||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Shrubland||Second-growth or disturbed scrub||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Fort Amsterdam is a registered historical site, which affords it some protection.|
Other biodiversity The island endemic Anolis pogus may be present at this site.
Protection status Fort Amsterdam is a registered historical site, which affords it some protection. The adjacent resort has, in the past, attempted to expand the resort buildings over this registered historical area. Thus far, legal challenges to this action have protected the site. Public access to the site is controlled by the resort’s security checkpoint.
References COLLIER, N.C., A.C. BROWN, and M. HESTER. 2002;COLLAZO, J. A., J. E. SALIVA, AND J. PIERCE. 2000; DANFORTH, S. T. 1930; HALEWYN, R. VAN, AND R. L. NORTON. 1984; HOOGERWERF, A. 1977; NORTON, R., AND A. WHITE 2001;ROJER, A. 1997;VOOUS, K. H. 1955a;VOOUS, K. H. 1955b;VOOUS, K. H. 1983;VOOUS, K. H. AND H. J. KOELERS. 1967
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fort Amsterdam, Sint Maarten. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/12/2013
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