|Location||Sint Maarten (to Netherlands), Sint Maarten|
|Central coordinates||63o 3.54' West 18o 1.95' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Fresh Pond is an oblong pond approximately 2.5 kilometers long and 1 kilometer across. It is located within the capital city of Phillipsburg. Due to the low salinity (2-3 parts per thousand), this pond supports species which are less common in other parts of St. Maarten and the Lesser Antilles.
Key Biodiversity The Near Threatened Caribbean Coot nests at this site. Two nests have been recorded while a maximum of 53 individuals have been observed. A maximum of 29 Snowy Egrets nests have been recorded in the mangrove trees on the little islets, while 183 individuals have been observed. Five pairs of Pied-billed Grebes have been recorded nesting at Fresh Pond. Two Common Moorhen pairs have been recorded nesting. Great Egret Casmerodius albus, White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis, and Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis nest at this site as well. Other regionally limited species found at this site include Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus, and Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis.
Non-bird biodiversity: Not applicable
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fulica caribaea||breeding||2001-2006||53 individuals||poor||A1||Not Recognised|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2001-2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2001-2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2001-2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2001-2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status Fresh Pond itself, like almost all ponds, is protected as public space and cannot be privately owned. Government may use the pond as it sees best. The area surrounding the pond is developed.
References A.C. BROWN and N. COLLIER unpublished data 2001-2006;ADAM C. BROWN and N. COLLIER XXXX; ADAM C. BROWN and N. COLLIER 2001;2002;2003;2004;2005; HOOGERWERF, A. 1977; VOOUS, K. H. 1955; VOOUS, K. H. 1983
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fresh Pond, Sint Maarten. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014
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