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Location Sint Maarten (to Netherlands), Sint Maarten
Central coordinates 63o 3.54' West  18o 1.95' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 14 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Fresh Pond is an oblong pond approximately 2.5 kilometers long and 1 kilometer across. It is located within the capital city of Phillipsburg. Due to the low salinity (2-3 parts per thousand), this pond supports species which are less common in other parts of St. Maarten and the Lesser Antilles.

Key Biodiversity The Near Threatened Caribbean Coot nests at this site. Two nests have been recorded while a maximum of 53 individuals have been observed. A maximum of 29 Snowy Egrets nests have been recorded in the mangrove trees on the little islets, while 183 individuals have been observed. Five pairs of Pied-billed Grebes have been recorded nesting at Fresh Pond. Two Common Moorhen pairs have been recorded nesting. Great Egret Casmerodius albus, White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis, and Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis nest at this site as well. Other regionally limited species found at this site include Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus, and Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis.

Non-bird biodiversity: Not applicable

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fulica caribaea breeding  2001-2006  53 individuals  poor  A1  Not Recognised 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2001-2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2001-2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus resident  2001-2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2001-2006  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Forest Mangrove  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -

Protection status Fresh Pond itself, like almost all ponds, is protected as public space and cannot be privately owned. Government may use the pond as it sees best. The area surrounding the pond is developed.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References A.C. BROWN and N. COLLIER unpublished data 2001-2006;ADAM C. BROWN and N. COLLIER XXXX; ADAM C. BROWN and N. COLLIER 2001;2002;2003;2004;2005; HOOGERWERF, A. 1977; VOOUS, K. H. 1955; VOOUS, K. H. 1983

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Fresh Pond, Sint Maarten. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife