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Location Sint Maarten (to Netherlands), Sint Maarten
Central coordinates 63o 3.77' West  18o 1.35' North
IBA criteria A2
Area 8 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Little Bay Pond is approximately 2.5 kilometers in diameter. It is located near the capital city of Phillipsburg but remains fairly undeveloped. Due to the low salinity (4-8 parts per thousand), this pond supports species uncommon in other parts of St. Maarten and the Lesser Antilles.

Key Biodiversity The Near Threatened Caribbean Coot nests at this site. Two nests have been recorded while a maximum of 22 individuals have been observed. Four pairs of Pied-billed Grebes have been recorded nesting at Fresh Pond. Four Common Moorhen pairs have been recorded nesting. White-cheeked Pintail and Ruddy Duck nest at this site as well. Other regionally limited species found at this site include Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus, and Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis.

Non-bird biodiversity: Not applicable.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Forest Mangrove  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -

Protection status Little Bay Pond has no legal protection, although its aesthetic and ecological value have inspired residents to fight for its protection.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References A.C. BROWN and N. COLLIER unpublished data 2001-2006;ADAM C. BROWN and N. COLLIER XXXX; ADAM C. BROWN and N. COLLIER 2001;2002;2003;2004;2005; HOOGERWERF, A. 1977; VOOUS, K. H. 1955; VOOUS, K. H. 1983

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Little Bay, Sint Maarten. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife