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Location St Kitts and Nevis, St Kitts
Central coordinates 62o 46.73' West  17o 21.11' North
IBA criteria A2
Area 5,960 ha
Altitude 300 - 1,156m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description The St. Kitts Central Forest Reserve is comprised of all areas over 300 meters elevation. The dominant feature of the reserve is Mt. Liamuiga (1,156 m), the highest point on St. Kitts. It is part of the mountain range which runs north to south and forms the northern part of the island. Human settlement is limited to the lower elevations, where sugarcane fields were farmed and villages dot the coastal area. Canyons, or ghauts, radiate from the peak.

Key Biodiversity Restricted-range species found in the reserve include the Bridled Quail-dove Geotrygon mustacea, Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi berlepshii, Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis, Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda pavida, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus, Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margops fuscus, Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis, and Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica. Specific locations and population estimates were not found in the literature. Steadman et al. report that all except the Green-throated are common in undisturbed moist forests on St. Kitts.Six species of neotropical migrants have been reported from this habitat type on St. Kitts

Non-bird biodiversity: No endemic or threatened botanical species are reported for St. Kitts. Restricted-range herpetofauna and bats are not known but likely exist within the proposed IBA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bridled Quail-dove Geotrygon mystacea resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park 15 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park World Heritage Convention 0 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Mt. Liamigua Central Range National Park 0 is identical to site 5,960  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Elfin forest; Palm forest  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry major
Notes: Central Forest Reserve

Protection status The proposed IBA encompasses all of the mountain range, from Mt. Liamuiga south to Mount Olivee above the 300 meter elevation, which forms the Central Forest Reserve. The Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is a World Heritage Site. Brimstone Hill is located on the western slope of Mt. Liamuiga but is not included within the IBA boundary.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Burdon, K.J. 1920;Danforth, S.T. 1936;Steadman, D.W., R.L. Norton, M.R. Browning, and W.J. Arendt. 1997;Street, H.M. Birds seen at St. Kitts, March 12-19, 1994

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: St. Kitts Central Forest Reserve. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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