|Location||St Kitts and Nevis, St Kitts|
|Central coordinates||62o 46.73' West 17o 21.11' North|
|Altitude||300 - 1,156m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Ornithological information Restricted-range species found in the reserve include the Bridled Quail-dove Geotrygon mustacea, Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi berlepshii, Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis, Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus, Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda pavida, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus, Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margops fuscus, Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis, and Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica. Specific locations and population estimates were not found in the literature. Steadman et al. report that all except the Green-throated are common in undisturbed moist forests on St. Kitts.Six species of neotropical migrants have been reported from this habitat type on St. Kitts
Site description The St. Kitts Central Forest Reserve is comprised of all areas over 300 meters elevation. The dominant feature of the reserve is Mt. Liamuiga (1,156 m), the highest point on St. Kitts. It is part of the mountain range which runs north to south and forms the northern part of the island. Human settlement is limited to the lower elevations, where sugarcane fields were farmed and villages dot the coastal area. Canyons, or ghauts, radiate from the peak.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bridled Quail-dove Geotrygon mystacea||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Flycatcher Myiarchus oberi||resident||2007||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Antillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica||resident||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Brimstone Hill Fortress||National Park||15||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park||World Heritage Convention||0||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|Mt. Liamigua Central Range||National Park||0||is identical to site||5,960|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Elfin forest; Palm forest||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Central Forest Reserve|
Other biodiversity No endemic or threatened botanical species are reported for St. Kitts. Restricted-range herpetofauna and bats are not known but likely exist within the proposed IBA.
Management considerations It is not known if hunting is a threat to game birds such as the Bridled Quail-dove. The Wild Birds Protection Ordinance of 1913 prohibited or regulated hunting of 27 species. The National Conservation and Environment Protection Act of 1987 enables further protection for approximately 90 avian species. Enforcement levels of these laws are unknown.
Protection status The proposed IBA encompasses all of the mountain range, from Mt. Liamuiga south to Mount Olivee above the 300 meter elevation, which forms the Central Forest Reserve. The Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is a World Heritage Site. Brimstone Hill is located on the western slope of Mt. Liamuiga but is not included within the IBA boundary.
Conservation response There is no ongoing avian research. The Central Forest Reserve is now part of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) Protected Areas and Associated Livelihoods (OPAAL) Project. This conservation project aims to develop sustainable resource extraction which benefits local residents
References Burdon, K.J. 1920;Danforth, S.T. 1936;Steadman, D.W., R.L. Norton, M.R. Browning, and W.J. Arendt. 1997;Street, H.M. Birds seen at St. Kitts, March 12-19, 1994
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: St. Kitts Central Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/05/2013
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