email a friend
printable version
Location Haiti, Département du Nord
Central coordinates 72o 14.13' West  19o 35.41' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 1,384 ha
Altitude 600 - 900m
Year of IBA assessment 2008





Site description Les Todiers covers 845 ha inside the historic park Citadelle, Sans souci, Ramiers, overlooking from its steep slopes the towns of Milot, Grande Rivière du Nord and Dondon. It lies in the Northern Department at latitude 19°61'N and longitude 72°21'W on rugged karst terrain made of early Eocene (50 myBP) limestones outcroppings that serve as a refuge for many upland and lowland birds (600 to 900 m elevation). It is adjacent to the tourist area associated with this historic park and the Plaine du Nord, one of the most important agricultural areas in Haiti. The town of Milot is inhabited by a majority of tourist guides and craftmen, whereas in the two other towns farmers represent the majority. Every year for Good Friday, thousands of young visit the monuments as a good luck pilgrimage.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Hispaniolan Amazon Amazona ventralis resident  1993  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Hispaniolan Parakeet Psittacara chloropterus resident  1993  unknown  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Hispaniolan Lizard-cuckoo Coccyzus longirostris resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Anthracothorax dominicus resident  1993  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Narrow-billed Tody Todus angustirostris resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Broad-billed Tody Todus subulatus resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Hispaniolan Woodpecker Melanerpes striatus resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Elaenia Elaenia fallax resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Stolid Flycatcher Myiarchus stolidus resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Palm Crow Corvus palmarum resident  1993  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Palmchat Dulus dominicus resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Palm-tanager Phaenicophilus palmarum resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica resident  1993  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
La Citadelle, Sans Souci, Ramiers Natural National Park 2,200 protected area contains site 0  
National History Park - Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers World Heritage Convention 0 unknown 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Tropical wet limestone  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
not utilised -
tourism/recreation -
rangeland/pastureland -

Other biodiversity The herpetofauna of the region represents a significant part of the fauna of the island. Some reptiles such as Anolis eugenegrahami, Sphaerodactylus lazelli and Anolis christophei first found in the La Citadelle region as well as frogs such as Eleutherodactylus poolei and Eleutherodactylus schmidti limbensis.

Protection status Parc Historique la Citadelle, Sans-Souci, les Ramiers (2,200 ha). Although this park was established 1968 by Presidential decree, primarily to assure the restoration and conservation of the most important historic monuments of the country, it does have an important role as a natural protected area, since its objective were : 1) Protection of national historic monuments in their natural environment. 2) Promotion of tourism. 3) Protection of endemic flora and fauna. In fact some studies for this park management recommend a core and a special use zone that are naturally protected by inaccessibility (slopes, relief of the terrain and monument foundations). In addition, number of guides where very interested in acquiring knowledge on how to protect wildlife once they had learned about its uniqueness.

Acknowledgements Florence E. Sergile, University of Florida

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References Army Map Service (SX). 1962b. Grande Rivière du Nord. Sheet 5774I, Series E 732. Scale 1:50,000. Edition 2-AMS. Washington, D.C.: Corps of Engineers U.S. Army.Army Map Service (SX). 1962d. Marmelade. Sheet 5774IV, Series E 732. Scale 1:50,000. Edition 2-AMS. Washington, D.C.: Corps of Engineers U.S. Army.Bond, J. 1980. Birds of the West Indies. Boston: Hougton-Mifflin.Cochran, D. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. U.S. National Museum of Washington 177:1-398.Ekmnan, E.L. 1926-1928. Unpublished field notes in his Catalogue of Hispaniolan plants. On deposit in the Department of Phanerogamic Botany. Swedish Museum of Natural History. Photocopy of the document on deposit at Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Herbarium, University of Florida.Erlich, M.F., N. Conway, N. Adrien, F, Lebeau, L. Lewis, H. Lauwesysen, I. Lowenthal, Y. Mayda, P. Paryski, G. Smicker, J. Talbot, E. Wilcox. [1985]. Haïti, Country environment profil - A field study. Port-au-Prince: USAID contract USAID -Erlich No. 521-0122-C00-4090-00 Cooperative agreement USAID -IIED No. DAN-5517-A-00-2066-00.Henderson, R.W. and A. Schwartz. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Museum Special Publications Biology and Geology (4):1-70. Holdridge L.R. 1947. The pine forest and adjacent mountain vegetation of Haiti considered from the standpoint of a new climatic classification of plant formations. Ph.D dissertation, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique. 1987. Recensement général de la population et du logement de 1982. Port-au-Prince: Ministère de l'Economie et des Finances, Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique.Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatiques. 2002 Recensement général de la population et du logement de 2000. Port-au-Prince: Ministère de l'Economie et des Finances, Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique.Institut Haïtien de Statistiques et d'Informatique. 1979. Recensement général de la population et du logement, août 1971. Volume 3. Résultats pour le département traditionnel du Nord.ISPAN - UNESCO - PNUD 79/001. 1986. Préservation des monuments historiques, Citadelle, Sans Souci, Site fortifié des Ramiers. Unpublished report.Jiménez, J. J. 1985. Colectores de plantas de la Hispaniola. Santiago: Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra.Lasserre, G., P. Moral, and P. Usselmann. 1985. Atlas d'Haïti. Centre d'Etudes de Géographie Tropicale (CNRT). Bordeaux (France).Laurent, C. 1988. Parc National Historique. Essai de Synthèse. Propositions d'aménagement. Projet ISPAN/PNUD/UNESCO HAI 87003. Unpublished report.Mangones, A. 1983. L'Institut de Sauvegarde du Patrimoine National. Unpublished document. Port-au-Prince: ISPANMangones, A., G. Hyvert, P. Delatour, and F. de Bazelaire. 1986. Les monuments du Roi Christophe: La citadelle, le Palais de Sans Souci, le site des Ramiers. Monuments à l'indépendance d'une nation et à la liberté de son peuple. Haïti: Projet ISPAN/PNUD/UNESCO.Mangones, S.K.B. 1983. Rapport de l'étude socio-économique dans le Parc National Historique Citadelle - Palais Sans-souci - Ramiers. Institut de Sauvegarde du Patrimoine National. Unpublished report.McPherson, H. and C. Graham. 1993. A survey of the birds of the Citadelle area. April 23-24, 1993. MacArthur Foundation Conservation Project, Florida Museum of Natural History. University of Florida. Gainesville, FloridaMoreau de Saint Méry, L. 1958. Originally 1797. Description topographique, physique, civile, politique et historique de la partie française de l'Isle de Saint-Domingue. 3 volumes. Paris: Société de l'Histoire des Colonies Françaises et Librairie Larose.Organisation des Etats Américains. Haïti, Mission d'Assistance Intégrée. Organisation des Etats Américain. Washington.Paryski, P. E., C. A. Woods, and F. E. Sergile. Conservation strategies and the preservation of biological diversity in Haiti. Pp. 855-878. In Biogeography of the West Indies. Edited by Woods, C.A. Gainesville: Sandhill Crane Press, Inc. Renard, Yves. 1983. Principes directeurs pour l'aménagement du Parc National Historique. Rapport PNUD -UNESCO. Port-au-Prince, Haïti. Unpublished report.Ritter, Karl. l920. Voyage d'histoire naturelle et d'études botaniques dans les Indes Occidentales, Ile d'Haïti. Unpublished French translation Collection Bibliothèque Edmond Mangones deposited at Bibliothèque de Saint Louis de Gonzague Port-au-Prince, Haïti.Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A check-list of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication (1):1-216.Schwartz, A. and R.W. Henderson. l988. West Indies amphibians and reptiles: A check-list. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology. (74):1-264.Secrétairerie d'Etat au Tourisme d'Haïti. Haïti. Guides Gallimard, Paris. 216 p.Sergile, F. E. 1999. L'écologie en Haïti. Colonnes pour le Dictionnaire encyclopédique d'Haïti. Centre d'Etudes et de Culture Haïtiennes. 5 p.Sergile, F. E. 2000. Les aires protégées en Haïti. In Dictionnaire encyclopédique d'Haïti. Centre d'Etudes et de Culture Haïtiennes. 3 p.Sergile, F. E. 2000. Manuel de gestion des aires protégées. Pilote teaching program of the Ecole Moyenne d'Agroforesterie (EMAF): Unpublished. Sergile, F. E. 1990. The biosphere reserve Henry Christophe: Potential for the management and conservation of natural resources in Haiti. M.A. Thesis. Gainesville: University of Florida. 122 p.Sergile, F. E. and C. A. Woods. 2001. Status of conservation in Haiti: a 10-year retrospective. In Biogeography of the West Indies: patterns and perspectives. pp. 547-560. In C. A. Woods and F. E. Sergile, editors. CRC Press: Boca Raton, Florida, 582 p. Service de Géodésie et de Cartographie, Forces Armées d'Haïti, Département des Travaux Publics et U.S. Army Interamerican Geodetic Survey. 1961. Grande Rivière du Nord. Feuille 5774. Echelle 1:100,000. 1st Edition.Waltz. L. 1992. Connaître et Protéger la Richesse Naturelle d'Haïti. Haiti Conservation Poster #1: Gainesville: Florida Museum of Natural History. ).Waltz, L. 1992. Connaître et Protéger la Richesse Naturelle d'Haïti. Haiti Conservation Poster #2: Gainesville: Florida Museum of Natural History. Wetmore, A. and B. Swales. 1931. The birds of Haïti and the Dominican Republic. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum, 155(4):1-483.Williams, E.E. 1960. Notes on Hispaniolan herpetology. 1. Anolis christophei, new species, from the Ciadel of King Christophe, Haïti . Breviora (117):2.Wood, H.A. l963. Northern Haïti: Land, Land use, and Settlement. A Geographical Investigation of the Département du Nord. Toronto: University of Toronto.Woods, C. A. and J.A. Ottenwalder. 1983. The montane avifanuna of Haïti. In Proceedings of the Delacour/IFCB Symposium, pp.576-590 + 607-622.Woods, C. A., F. E. Sergile, and J. A. Ottenwalder. 1992. Stewardship plan for the national parks and protected areas of Haiti. Gainesville: Florida Museum of Natural History. 234 p. Woods, C.A. 1987. The threatened and endangered birds of Haïti: lost of horizons and new hopes. In Proceedings of the Second Delacour/IFCB Symposium. Vol 2, pp. 385-430.Woods, C.A. in preparation. Pearl of the Antilles. The Natural History of Haïti.Zanoni, T. 1987. Analyses and recommendations for the management of the vegetation and soil. Parc National Historique Citadelle, Sans Souci, Ramiers, Milot, Haïti. Unpublished Report presented to ISPAN/UNESCO PNUD Project. Zanoni, T. M.M. Meja, and D.Dodd. 1985. Report on the condition and conservation of the vegetation and natural features in Parc National Historique Citadelle, Sans Souci, Ramiers, Milot, Haïti. Including comments on the orchids. PNUD - UNESCO, Unpublished report.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Citadelle - Sans Souci - Ramier. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife