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Location Grenada, Parish of St. George,Parish of St. John,Parish St. Andrew
Central coordinates 61o 41.00' West  12o 6.00' North
IBA criteria A2
Area 1,730 ha
Altitude 450 - 768m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Grand Etang Forest Reserve is within the Southern Mountains of central Grenada. It encompasses mountains such as Mount Sinai (701 m), Mount Grandby (682 m) and Mount Qua Qua (735 m), and several crater lakes including the Grand Etang Lake near the centre of the reserve (at 530 m). Rainforests,lower montane rainforests and elfin woodlands characterise the steeper slopes throughout the high region. At lower altitudes, the trees are smaller and more thickly covered by epiphytes (ferns and mosses). Six plantations of exotics have been established on steep slopes since 1957.

Key Biodiversity Six (of the seven) Lesser Antilles EBA restricted-range birds occur at this IBA, and others may occur. Little survey or census work has been carried out. However, the site represents a major portion of Grenada’s remaining high altitude forests that are so important for the restricted-range birds, and may yet prove to support populations of Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis, Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus,Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica , and Brown Trembler Cinclocerthia ruficauda (all of which were historically known to occur, but have not recently been recorded).

Non-bird biodiversity: Eleutherodactylus euphronides is Endangered and confined to just 16 km2 of Grenadian montane forest at elevations >300 m, including within this Forest Reserve. Anolis aeneus and A.richardii occur at this site along with other reptile and amphibian Grenada Bank endemics. Endemic plants include Grand Etang Fern Danaea sp., the Cabbage Palm Oxeodoxa oleracea, Maythenus grenadensis, hytidophyllum caribaeum,and Lonchcarpus broadwayi. The Mona monkey Cercopithecus mona, introduced from West Africa, is found in the upper montane forest of this IBA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2008  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Grenada Flycatcher Myiarchus nugator resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Loxigilla noctis resident  2006  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Lesser Antillean Tanager Tangara cucullata resident  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Grand Etang Forest Reserve 618 is identical to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Elfin  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Acknowledgements Author: Bonnie Rusk

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References BirdLife International (2000), Lack and Lack (1973), Lugo, (2005), Germano et al (2003), Groome (1970), Howard (1950), Rusk and Clouse (2004), Rusk (2005), Thornstrom et al. (2001), Wells (1886), Weaver (1989), Wunderle (1985).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Grand Etang. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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