email a friend
printable version
Location Bahamas, Long Island
Central coordinates 75o 16.77' West  23o 35.71' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B4i
Area 81,011 ha
Altitude 0 - 7m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description Long Island is about eighty miles long and maximum four miles wide. It lies northwest to southeast. Points of interest include; the historic Columbus Monument, the Long Island Museum, Hamilton's Cave, Dean's Blue hole and Clarence Town harbour. The entrance to Cape Santa Maria Resort is located on Galliott Cay approximately 8 miles south of this point is the Stella Maris Resort. Hog Cay is a privately owned island on the leeward side of northern Long Island. The owner has consistently provided daily feedings for the large flock of West Indian Whistling Ducks which roost on this cay at night.

Key Biodiversity The above area has one of the largest flocks of the endangered West Indian Whistling Ducks in the world, estimated to be approximately 450 birds. Common resident birds include; Bahamas Mockingbird, Northern Mockingbird, Common Ground Dove, Thick-billed Vireo and Greater Antillean Bullfinch, White-crowned Pigeon, Mourning Doves, Black-faced Grassquit, Bananaquit, Bahama Pintail,Blue-winged Teal Ducks plus several species of herons, egrets, sandpipers, plovers, Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs. In summer Sandwich and Roseate Terns are present on Hog and Galliott Cays. Gray Kingbirds and Greater Antillean Nighthawks are common summer birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea resident  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla breeding  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  B4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   -
Shrubland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Coastline Sandbars, sandbanks, sandspits; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Sea   -
Forest Mangrove  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised -
agriculture -
urban/industrial/transport -

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorado Springs, CO. 302pp.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Long Island and Hog Cay. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife