email a friend
printable version
Location Bahamas, San Salvador
Central coordinates 74o 28.76' West  24o 8.36' North
IBA criteria B4i, B4ii
Area 4,261 ha
Altitude 0 - 6m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description Graham's Harbour is located at the northern end of San Salvador with several cays scattered in its environs. which provide ideal nesting sites for various species of seabirds. A half-day boat trip into Graham's Harbour is considered the natural-history highlight of a trip to San Salvador, however, a local guide is necessary because there are numerous reefs and rocks in the bay. Green Cay located in the northwest side of the harbour, provides a challenge to find a safe landing spot but is easy walking once you have landed.White Cay is near the reef, waters are generally rougher than any other spot in the harbour, but there is a fine beach on the leeward side. Gaulin Cay and Cato Cay are closer to the mainland, there is good snorkelig on the reef off Gaulin Cay.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Puffinus lherminieri breeding  2005  93 breeding pairs  medium  B4ii  Not Recognised 
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus breeding  2007  20 breeding pairs  poor  B4ii  Least Concern 
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster breeding  2005  50 breeding pairs  poor  B4ii  Least Concern 
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus breeding  2007  10 breeding pairs  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus breeding  2005  300 breeding pairs  medium  B4i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas   major
Coastline   major
Shrubland   -
Sea   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
tourism/recreation -
fisheries/aquaculture -

Other biodiversity There were an estimated 250 San Salvador Rock Iguanas (Cyclura carinata) approximately 50% of its population living on Green Cay in 1997.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorado Springs, CO. 302pp.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Graham's Harbour. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife