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Location Bahamas, Grand Bahama
Central coordinates 78o 28.19' West  26o 36.73' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 21 ha
Altitude 0 - 4m
Year of IBA assessment 2013

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description The Lucayan National Park is located about 25 miles east of Freeport, Grand Bahama. This 40 acre park encompasses the longest known underwater cave system in the world with over six miles of caves and tunnels already charted. Above ground it exibits every vegetative zone found in the Bahamas.

Key Biodiversity The north side of the highway contain coppice and pinewoods where La Sagra's Flycatchers, Cuban Emeralds, Thick-billed Vireos, Red-legged Thrushes and Greater Antillean Bullfinches can be seen along the trails. Zenaida Doves, Cuban Pewees, Hairy Woodpeckers, Pine and Olive-capped Warblers can be found in the pinewoods. Also, Bahama Swallows frequently feed over the park in summer. The south side of the highway include a boardwalk through the mangrove swamp, in winter one can find Snowy Egrets, Blue-winged Teal, American Coots, Common Moorhens, Soras and Virginia Rails. Green Herons, Red-winged Blackbirds and Clapper Rails are here year round. Take a trail along the beach to find shorebirds and scan Gold Rock Creek offshore for roosting terns.

Non-bird biodiversity: Buffy Flower Bats roost and raise their young in Ben's Cave during June and July.Blind Cave Fish, (Lucifuga spalaeotes) and the Lucayan Oar-foot, (Spelionectes lucayensis) are found deep in the caves.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris breeding  2005  < 50 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Bahama Swallow Tachycineta cyaneoviridis resident  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Endangered 
Olive-capped Warbler Dendroica pityophila breeding  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lucayan National Park 16 protected area contained by site 16  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove; Pine forests  -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Other   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorado Springs, CO. 302pp. Bainton, Aileen M. and Anthony W. White. 2006. A Bibliography of Birds, Ornithology and Birding in The Bahamas and Turks & Caicos Islands. Media Enterprises Ltd. Nassau, Bahamas. 96pp.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lucayan National Park. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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