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Location Bahamas, Abaco
Central coordinates 77o 13.71' West  25o 58.95' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B4ii
Area 23,836 ha
Altitude 0 - 6m
Year of IBA assessment 2013

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description Abaco National Park was established in May 1994, it comprises 8,296 hectares of undeveloped land in southern Abaco, set aside to protect the parrot. Included in this area is 2,024 hectares of Caribbean pine forest, the major habitat of the Bahama Parrot.

Key Biodiversity Abaco is considered to have some of the best birding of any island in the Bahamas, it is estimated that species and numbers probably doubles during the winter. In a study done by Frank Riverea of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 2006 the population of Bahama Parrots was estimated to be approximately 3,200 individual birds. In addition to the parrots, Loggerhead Kingbirds, Bahama Woodstars, Cuban Emeralds, Bahama Yellowthroats, Olive-capped Warblers and Pine Warblers are numerous in the park. Zenaida Doves, Key West Quail Doves, Mangrove Cuckoos and Bahama Mockingbirds are there, but a little harder to find outside the breeding season (Mar to Jun). American Kestrels, Hairy Woodpeckers and local race of Yellowthroated warblers are also found in the park.

Non-bird biodiversity: Another rare occupant of the southern Abaco is the Atala hairstreak butterfly, (Eumaeus atala) These small dark butterflies with red abdomens are abundant in pinelands of southern Abaco.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus resident  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  B4ii  Least Concern 
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala resident  2006  3,600 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae breeding  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Bahama Mockingbird Mimus gundlachii resident  2005  < 50 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 
Olive-capped Warbler Dendroica pityophila resident  2007  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Kirtland's Warbler Dendroica kirtlandii winter  2005  < 50 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Bahama Yellowthroat Geothlypis rostrata resident  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  A2  Least Concern 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Friends of the Environment 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove  20%
Shrubland   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorado Springs, CO. 302pp. Bainton, Aileen M. and Anthony W. White. 2006. A Bibliography of Birds, Ornithology and Birding in The Bahamas and Turks & Caicos Islands. Media Enterprises Ltd. Nassau, Bahamas. 96pp.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Southern Abaco. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife