|Central coordinates||77o 13.71' West 25o 58.95' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, B4ii|
|Altitude||0 - 6m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2013|
Site description Abaco National Park was established in May 1994, it comprises 8,296 hectares of undeveloped land in southern Abaco, set aside to protect the parrot. Included in this area is 2,024 hectares of Caribbean pine forest, the major habitat of the Bahama Parrot.
Key Biodiversity Abaco is considered to have some of the best birding of any island in the Bahamas, it is estimated that species and numbers probably doubles during the winter. In a study done by Frank Riverea of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 2006 the population of Bahama Parrots was estimated to be approximately 3,200 individual birds. In addition to the parrots, Loggerhead Kingbirds, Bahama Woodstars, Cuban Emeralds, Bahama Yellowthroats, Olive-capped Warblers and Pine Warblers are numerous in the park. Zenaida Doves, Key West Quail Doves, Mangrove Cuckoos and Bahama Mockingbirds are there, but a little harder to find outside the breeding season (Mar to Jun). American Kestrels, Hairy Woodpeckers and local race of Yellowthroated warblers are also found in the park.
Non-bird biodiversity: Another rare occupant of the southern Abaco is the Atala hairstreak butterfly, (Eumaeus atala) These small dark butterflies with red abdomens are abundant in pinelands of southern Abaco.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus||resident||2005||50-249 individuals||poor||B4ii||Least Concern|
|Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala||resident||2006||3,600 individuals||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae||breeding||2005||50-249 individuals||poor||A2||Least Concern|
|Bahama Mockingbird Mimus gundlachii||resident||2005||< 50 individuals||poor||A2||Least Concern|
|Olive-capped Warbler Dendroica pityophila||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Kirtland's Warbler Dendroica kirtlandii||winter||2005||< 50 individuals||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Bahama Yellowthroat Geothlypis rostrata||resident||2005||50-249 individuals||poor||A2||Least Concern|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Friends of the Environment||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorado Springs, CO. 302pp. Bainton, Aileen M. and Anthony W. White. 2006. A Bibliography of Birds, Ornithology and Birding in The Bahamas and Turks & Caicos Islands. Media Enterprises Ltd. Nassau, Bahamas. 96pp.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Southern Abaco. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2016
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