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Location Bahamas, Exumas
Central coordinates 75o 53.86' West  23o 34.73' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B4i
Area 245 ha
Altitude 0 - 7m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description Grog Pond is located approximately 10 miles northwest of George Town, Great Exuma, bounded on the north by the Queen's Highway, on the east, south and west by Bahama Sound Development. Including immediate surrounding land the pond spans an area of approximately 1-1/2 miles by 1/2 mile. Grog Pond is an inland wetland. It has the potential to become a great asset to the community as an eco-tourism site, recreation area and a centre for students and adults to learn about the environment.

Key Biodiversity A wide variety of waterfowl, herons, egrets and shorebirds have been recorded at this site. Also various species of coppice dwelling birds such as doves, White-crowned Pigeons, Bahama and Northern mockingbirds, Mangrove Cuckoos, Greater Antillean Bullfinch, Thick-billed Vireos and many species of migrating warblers have been observed in the coppice surrounding the pond.

Non-bird biodiversity: Bordering the pond and the beautiful marsh areas is firm land with salt-water grass flats, buttonwood, madeira, logwood, wild tamarind, pigeon plum, palmetto, pond top, gumelemi, sawgrass, airplants, ball moss and the ever present 'poison wood'. Small clams, fiddler crabs, mosquito fish, insects, and a type of 'widgeon grass' provide a rich food source for the variety of waterbirds that utilize the pond.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea breeding  2006  50-249 individuals  medium  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Sterna nilotica resident  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  B4i  Not Recognised 
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla resident  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Least Tern Sternula antillarum breeding  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2005  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
A rock in the Exuma Cays Wild Bird Reserve 1 is identical to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Shrubland   major
Forest Mangrove  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahamas Island (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorado Springs, CO. 302pp.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Grog Pond. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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