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Location Bahamas, Inagua
Central coordinates 73o 21.03' West  21o 4.77' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B4i
Area 178,139 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Bahamas National Trust (Partner Designate)

Site description Lake Rosa is a permanent shallow brackish lake, up to 1.5m deep with small islands scattered through out and a fringe of brackish marshes, there are dense mangrove swamps on the northern and eastern borders and the lake is surrounded by a broad belt of open scrub with seasonal marshes. This is a RAMSAR site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea resident  2005  poor  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber resident  1965-1985  abundant individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens resident  2005  poor  A4i  Near Threatened 
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis resident  2005  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla resident  2005  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica resident  2005  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Royal Tern Sterna maxima winter  2005  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis winter  2005  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii resident  2005  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo resident  2005  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala breeding  2005  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala breeding  2005  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds resident  1965-1985  good  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Inagua National Park 74,333 protected area contained by site 74,333  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Sam Nixon Bird Club 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Salt/brackish marshes; Water fringe vegetation  -
Forest Mangrove  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Other biodiversity The endemic Inagua Freshwater Turtle - (Chrysemys malonei)

Protection status Other wetlands in the INP include:Union Creek - a saline lagoon with opening to the sea with extensive salt marshes and scattered mangroves. Palacca Point - stretching southward is a permanent brackish marsh with many scattered pools and some mangroves. Point Lakes - a permanent brackish marsh with dense mangrove swamps is located northwest of southeast point.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

References White, A.W. 1998b. A Birder's Guide to the Bahama Islands (Including Turks and Caicos). American Birding Association. Colorado Springs, CO. 302pp. Bainton, Aileen M. and Anthony W. White. 2006. A Bibliography of Birds, Ornitogy and Birding in The Bahamas and Turks & Caicos Islands. Media Enterprises Ltd. Nassau, Bahamas. 96pp.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Great Inagua. Downloaded from on 20/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife