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Location Cuba, Isla de la Juventud
Central coordinates 82o 49.09' West  21o 33.10' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 96,216 ha
Altitude 0 - 40m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas (Affiliate)



Site description Ciénaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud IBA is in the southern part of Isla de la Juventud, in the Canarreos Archipelago, off the south coast of western Cuba. It includes the Ciénaga de Lanier, which stretches from Ensenada de Siguanea to the eastern Ensenada of San Juan, and divides the north of the island from the karstic plains and coastal zones to the south. The IBA supports a wide diversity of wetland and coastal habitats. Cocodrilo and Cayo Piedras with 300 and 20 inhabitants, respectively, are located within the IBA, whereas the communities of Santa Fé, Mella, and La Reforma are in surrounding areas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus resident  2005  24,000 individuals  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea resident  2007  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis resident  2007  171 individuals  medium  A4i  Least Concern 
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2005  800,000 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Key West Quail-dove Geotrygon chrysia resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala resident  2007  580 individuals  poor  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Great Lizard-cuckoo Coccyzus merlini resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-legged Owl Gymnoglaux lawrencii resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Pygmy-owl Glaucidium siju resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Nightjar Caprimulgus cubanensis resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Antillean Palm-swift Tachornis phoenicobia resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Trogon Priotelus temnurus resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Tody Todus multicolor resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris resident  2006  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Green Woodpecker Xiphidiopicus percussus resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Pewee Contopus caribaeus resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Giant Kingbird Tyrannus cubensis resident  2007  unknown [units unknown]  A1, A3  Endangered 
La Sagra's Flycatcher Myiarchus sagrae resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Vireo Vireo gundlachii resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Crow Corvus nasicus resident  2007  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Martin Progne cryptoleuca resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-headed Warbler Teretistris fernandinae resident  2007  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Icterus dominicensis unknown  2007  A3  Not Recognised 
Cuban Blackbird Dives atroviolaceus resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Red-shouldered Blackbird Agelaius assimilis resident  2007  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Grackle Quiscalus niger resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena resident  2007  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ciénaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 126,200 is identical to site 0  
Los Indios Ecological Reserve 5,581 protected area contains site 0  
Sur de la Isla de la Juventud Protected Area of Managed Resources 131,139 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Flooded tropical evergreen forest; Mangrove; Second-growth or disturbed forest  -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater marshes/swamps; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats  -
Sea Shallow marine areas, coral reefs and keys  -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic)   -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
fisheries/aquaculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -

Other biodiversity Reptiles include the Endangered Cuban crocodile Crocodylus rhombifer, and the Vulnerable American crocodile C. acutus and Cuban ground iguana Cyclura nubila. The hutia Mysateles meridionalis is endemic to Isla de la Juventud, and the fish Atractosteus tristoechus is restricted to Zapata and Lanier swamps.

Acknowledgements Authors: SUSANA AGUILAR, JUAN PEDRO SOY, ARYANNE CERRANO

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cienaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife