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Location Cuba, La Habana,Pinar del Rio
Central coordinates 82o 57.94' West  22o 51.75' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 26,686 ha
Altitude 19 - 565m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas (Affiliate)



Site description Sierra del Rosario IBA is located to the east of Cordillera de Guaniguanico, in the municipalities of Artemisa, Candelaria, and Bahía Honda, straddling the border between Pinar del Río and Havana provinces. Las Peladas Natural Reserve and El Salón Ecological Reserve comprise the core zone of the biosphere reserve. The IBA boundaries are the same as those of the biosphere reserve. The reserve’s eastern entrance is located 50 km south-west of Havana. The IBA supports 4,800 people in eight communities, one of which, Las Terrazas has developed a sustainable rural economy and is also an ecotourism centre. There are remains of seventeenth century French coffee plantations around Las Terrazas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus resident  2005  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi resident  2003  6 individuals  poor  A1, A3  Endangered 
Geotrygon caniceps resident  1998  30 individuals  poor  A1, A3  Not Recognised 
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2005  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Blue-headed Quail-dove Starnoenas cyanocephala resident  2003  2 individuals  poor  A1, A3  Endangered 
Coccyzus merlini resident  2007  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Bare-legged Screech-owl Margarobyas lawrencii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Pygmy-owl Glaucidium siju resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Antillean Nighthawk Chordeiles gundlachii breeding  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Nightjar Antrostomus cubanensis resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Antillean Palm-swift Tachornis phoenicobia resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bee Hummingbird Mellisuga helenae resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Cuban Trogon Priotelus temnurus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Tody Todus multicolor resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris resident  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Green Woodpecker Xiphidiopicus percussus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Fernandina's Flicker Colaptes fernandinae resident  2003  8 individuals  poor  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Greater Antillean Pewee Contopus caribaeus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Loggerhead Kingbird Tyrannus caudifasciatus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Giant Kingbird Tyrannus cubensis resident  1982  present  A1, A3  Endangered 
La Sagra's Flycatcher Myiarchus sagrae resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Vireo Vireo gundlachii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Martin Progne cryptoleuca resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Solitaire Myadestes elisabeth resident  2003  50 individuals  poor  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Olive-capped Warbler Dendroica pityophila resident  2003  100 individuals  poor  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-headed Warbler Teretistris fernandinae resident  2005  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Icterus dominicensis resident  2007  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Cuban Blackbird Dives atroviolaceus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Grackle Quiscalus niger resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Grassquit Tiaris canorus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sierra del Rosario Protected Area of Managed Resources 26,686 is identical to site 0  
Sierra del Rosario UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 25,000 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Montane broadleaf evergreen forest; Pine forests; Tropical semi-deciduous forest  100%
Grassland Second-growth or grazed grasslands  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry and agro-industrial plantations; Perennial crops, orchards, groves  -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity Mammals include the endemic hutias Capromys pilorides and Mysateles prehensilis, and 11 species of bats. The lizards Anolis vermiculatus, A. bartschi, and A. mestrei are endemic to the Pinar del Río karst, and five amphibians are also local endemics.

Acknowledgements Authors: ALINA PÉREZ, HIRAM GONZÁLEZ, FIDEL HERNÁNDEZ

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sierra del Rosario. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife