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Location Cuba, Pinar del Rio
Central coordinates 83o 18.19' West  22o 25.55' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B4i
Area 66,691 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas (Affiliate)

Site description Humedal Sur de Pinar del Río IBA includes the coastal zone between the municipalities of Los Palacios and Consolación del Sur, in the south of Pinar del Río province. It comprises a fringe of natural coastal wetlands associated with rice cultivation and cattle farming. The coastal wetlands, which include several lagoons such as Maspotón and Casa Media, are bordered by mangroves. More than 90% of the IBA consists of wetland habitat, 30% of it is natural (mangroves, coastal lagoons, salt marshes, intertidal mudflats) and the rest is artificial (i.e. seasonal rice paddies).

Key Biodiversity This IBA supports more than 101 bird species and holds significant numbers of resident and migratory waterbirds, particularly shorebirds and ducks. More than 10,000 dowitchers Limnodromus spp. have been observed. Other common waterbirds include Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea (Vulnerable), Blue-winged Teal Anas discors, and Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis. The largest concentration of American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos recorded in the Caribbean (c.400 individuals) was in this IBA where it is a common winter resident.

Non-bird biodiversity: The coastal lagoons support populations of the Vulnerable American crocodile Crocodylus acutus and the hutia Capromys pilorides .

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea resident  2004  50-100 individuals  poor  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus resident  2007  20,000 individuals  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
Pelecanus occidentalis resident  2007  146 individuals  poor  B4i  Not Recognised 
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus resident  2007  820 individuals  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus resident  2007  10,000 individuals  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds 2007  50,000-99,999 individuals  poor  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove  20%
Grassland Second-growth or grazed grasslands  15%
Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons; Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Rivers  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Abandoned or fallow farmland, disturbed ground; Rice paddies  55%
Introduced vegetation   -
Coastline   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 70%
hunting 10%
tourism/recreation 5%

Acknowledgements Authors: LOURDES MUGICA, MARTÍN ACOSTA

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Humedal Sur de Pinar del Río. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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